or being wrong
is a concept in law
, and science
. In a colloquial sense, wrongness
usually refers to a state of incorrectness, inaccuracy, error or miscalculation in any number of contexts. More specifically, being "wrong
" refers to a situation wherein an individual has made an error or misjudgment.
, wrong is the opposite of right. In a relativist
consideration of ethics, the factors affecting the way different cultures
for what is wrong form part of the subject-matter of anthropology
In law, a wrong can be a legal injury, which is any damage resulting from a violation of a legal right. It can also imply the state of being contrary to the principles of justice or law. It means that something is contrary to conscience or morality and results in treating others unjustly. If the loss caused by a wrong is minor enough, there is no compensation, which principle is known as de minimis non curat lex
. Otherwise, damages apply.
A scientific concept is said to be wrong if it can be used to make specific predictions
of the results of experiments
, but those predictions do not correspond with physical reality (i.e. the concept can be falsified
in the Popperian
sense, and has also been shown to be false). Wolfgang Pauli
is said to have coined the phrase "not even wrong
" to describe concepts that cannot be falsified (either because they do not refer to measurable effects, or because they are too incoherent to be used to make predictions).
- Willis, Hugh. Principles of the Law of Damages. The Keefe-Davidson Co.: St. Paul, 1910.