Woods, Leonard, 1774-1854, American Congregational theologian, b. Princeton, Mass. He was prominent in upholding orthodox Calvinistic views in the controversy over Unitarianism as presented by William Ellery Channing, Henry Ware, and others. He was professor of theology at Andover Theological Seminary (1808-46) and published (1885) a history of that institution. Among his works are A Reply to Dr. Ware's Letter to Trinitarians and Calvinists (1821) and Remarks on Dr. Ware's Answer (1822).
Woods, Robert Archey, 1865-1925, American social worker, b. Pittsburgh, grad. Amherst, 1886. After six months at Toynbee Hall, London, he helped found (1891) the South End House, Boston, which he headed until his death. He lectured on social ethics at the Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge, Mass. (1896-1914), was president of the Boston School Union (1908-25), and aided the development of the National Federation of Social Settlements, of which he was secretary from 1911 to 1923 and president for the two succeeding years. Woods wrote English Social Movements (1891) and The Neighborhood in Nation Building (1923).

See biography by E. H. Woods (1929).

Woods, Tiger (Eldrick Woods), 1975-, American golfer, b. Cypress, Calif. The son of a African-American father and a Thai mother, he was a college star at Stanford and became the only three-time (1994-96) U.S. amateur champion before turning professional in 1997. Seeming to justify publicity promoting him as the "future of golf," Woods won the 1997 Masters in a runaway. After mixed success in 1998, he won the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) Championship and again dominated golf in 1999. In 2000, Woods won the U.S. and British opens and PGA Championship, setting or tying several records in the process and becoming the youngest of only five golfers to achieve a career Grand Slam. Woods's victory at the Masters in 2001 made him the first golfer to win all four major professional championships in a row. He has since won the Masters (2002, 2005), U.S. Open (2002, 2008), British Open (2005-6), and PGA Championship (2006-7) twice, and achieved more than 50 tournament victories by age 30, a PGA record. In 2007 he won the inaugural FedEx Cup, a four-tournament championship. Lurid revelations of marital infidelities in 2009 tarnished his personal reputation.
Roberta Carol Blackman-Woods (Born 16 August 1957, Belfast, Northern Ireland) is a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom. She has been Member of Parliament for the City of Durham constituency since May 2005.


Dr Blackman-Woods was born in Northern Ireland and educated at the University of Ulster, graduating with a BSc degree and later a PhD in Social Science. Following this she was employed as a welfare rights officer for Newcastle City Council, yet following this she pursued a career in academia.

A a sociologist with expertise in housing, she served as Professor of Social Policy and an Associate Dean in the School of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Northumbria prior to her election, and had previously been Dean of Social and Labour studies at Ruskin College, Oxford and head of policy at the Local Government Information Unit. Blackman-Woods had previously been Chair of the City of Durham Constituency Labour Party and before that in Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend. She has also served as a Councillor on Oxford and Newcastle City Councils.

Parliamentary career

In her previous work Blackman-Woods had been known by her maiden name, Roberta Woods. She added her husband's surname, Blackman, after selection by the constituency Labour Party, to avoid confusion with the existing Liberal Democrat candidate Carol Woods.

Elected with a majority of 3,274, Roberta Blackman-Woods made her maiden speech to the House of Commons on 24 May 2005, in which she referred to the work of her predecessor Gerry Steinberg, as well as referring at length to the importance to Durham of the Durham Cathedral, University of Durham and the historic legacy of mining within the area. She also quoted Bill Bryson's Notes from a Small Island: "Why, it's wonderful - a perfect little city... If you have never been to Durham, go there at once. Take my car. It's wonderful."

Blackman-Woods is a member of the Joint Committee on Statutory Instruments and was a member of the Education and Skills Select Committee for a year from 2005. In 2006 she became the Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Hilary Armstrong. This post lasted until Hilary Armstrong was returned to the backbenches when Gordon Brown became Prime Minister, but she was then appointed PPS to the Secretary of State for Defence, Des Browne, in 2007.

In 2005, she became Chair of the All Party Afghanistan Group and in 2007 she also became Chair of the All Party Balanced and Sustainable Communities Group.


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