It reproduces both from seeds and root runners that spread underground then sprout new plants. It often grows to a height of 80 cm, and has dark green leaves about 6 cm long. The complex green-yellow inflorescence (cyathium) typical of Euphorbia appears between April and June. The milky latex of the plant is toxic and it can cause irritation on contact with the skin.
Wood Spurge usually grows in the fertile and moist soil of the woodlands.