Situations in which a penalty may be assessed include, but are not limited to:
By strict rules, the penalty stroke assessed for playing a substitute ball is not the stroke made on the new ball; it is counted in addition to any and all swings made at the ball. For instance, hitting a ball into a water hazard, dropping a new ball at the position from which you hit the last one, then hitting the new ball counts as three strokes, not two.
However, in informal or friendly play, especially involving novices, the penalty stroke is often not counted if the ball is truly unplayable; the player simply drops a ball at the nearest playable spot or at the spot of the last hit and plays again. Losing a ball (even "amateur"-quality balls can be quite expensive if a player loses more than a few during a round), playing the replacement from a still-difficult lie such as the rough or out from underneath trees, and/or counting the errant stroke when playing from the same spot is generally considered penalty enough in informal play. This is an unmitigated violation of several rules of the game which would normally call for disqualification from sanctioned play, but can help make the game more enjoyable in a friendly setting as well as increasing the pace, as it reduces searching for a ball and playing from extremely disadvantageous lies. When an errant shot is re-played from the same spot, it is usually called a mulligan and neither the first shot nor the penalty stroke is counted.
When a penalty is incurred because the ball has been lost or hit into an unplayable area, the player plays a new ball or moves the current one according to the rules governing the situation in which the substitution or placement occurs. This may be from the spot at which they hit the ball into that position (a stroke and distance penalty), a playable point directly in line with the hole and behind its current position, or in some circumstances at a point two clublengths or less and no closer to the hole from which the ball crossed the boundary of the unplayable condition. If the player elects to move an unplayable ball in a sand trap, the ball must remain in the hazard.
SENS. SNOWE, WYDEN URGE HHS SECRETARY LEAVITT TO SUPPORT EXTENSION OF MEDICARE DRUG BENEFIT DEADLINE WITHOUT PENALTY
Apr 05, 2006; The office of Sen. Olympia J. Snowe, R-Maine, issued the following press release: Today, Sens. Olympia J. Snowe (R-ME) and Ron...
SENS. WYDEN, SNOWE URGE HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SECRETARY LEAVITT TO SUPPORT EXTENSION OF MEDICARE DRUG BENEFIT DEADLINE WITHOUT PENALTY
Apr 04, 2006; The office of Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., issued the following press release: Today, Sens. Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Olympia J. Snowe...