Willemstad, city (1992 pop. 24,235), Curaçao, capital of the Netherlands Antilles. The city is the commercial and industrial center of the Netherlands Antilles as well as a free port and tourist center. It is important as a transshipment point and refining center for petroleum sent across the Gulf of Venezuela from Maracaibo; however, the petroleum demand declined in the mid-1980s. Willemstad has a distinctive Dutch character with streets lined by narrow, gabled houses.

City (pop., 1999 est.: 123,000), capital of the Netherlands Antilles, West Indies. Located on the southern coast of Curaçao, it was founded in 1634. Willemstad contains many Dutch colonial buildings and is the site of the oldest (1732) synagogue in continuous use in the Western Hemisphere. It is a centre of trade, petroleum storage and refining, banking, and tourism.

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