The wild goat
) is a widespread species
, with a distribution ranging from Europe
and Asia Minor
to central Asia
and the Middle East
In the wild, goats live in flocks of up to 500 individuals; males are solitary. Male
goats go through a period called a rut, where they are ready to mate. During the rut old males drive younger males from the maternal herds. The gestation
period averages 170 days. Does (females) usually give birth to one kid. Kids can follow the mother goat almost immediately after birth. Kids are weaned
after 6 months. Female goats reach sexual maturity
at 1.5-2.5 years, males at 3.5-4 years. The lifespan of a goat can be from 12 to 22 years.
Environmental problems caused by goats
Though wild goats are native to some areas introduction to new areas can be extremely destructive. On the Galapagos wild goats (descendents of the goats left by explorers) ate the native plants. This threw the ecosystem off, in order to correct this they were hunted to extinction on the islands. Though this may seem like an extreme measure, it was necessary to prevent native species' extinction.
- Listed as Vulnerable (VU A2cde v2.3)