wild climbing hempweed

Wildflowers of Soldiers Delight

The Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area, consists of about of land in Owings Mills, Maryland, USA. Much of the area of Soldiers Delight contains a serpentine barren that contains a number of rare and endangered species of plants.

The following list of herbaceous plants is based greatly on the work of Ed Uebel and comes from the publications by Fleming et al. 1995, Monteferrante 1973, Reed 1984, Wennerstrom 1995, and the unpublished data by Worthley 1955-1985.

List of Wildflowers of the Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area.

Division Magnoliophyta - Angiosperms

Class Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons

Amaranthaceae - (Amaranth Family)

Apiaceae - (Carrot Family)

Apocynaceae - (Dogbane Family)

Asteraceae - (Aster Family)

Balsaminaceae - (Touch-me-not Family)

Boraginaceae - (Borage Family)

Brassicaceae - (Mustard Family)

Campanulaceae - (Bellflower Family)

Caryophyllaceae - (Pink Family)

Chenopodiaceae - (Goosefoot Family)

Cistaceae - (Rockrose Family)

  • Helianthemum bicknellii Fern. - Hairy Frostweed {G5, S1, E}
  • Lechea minor L. - Thyme-leaved Pinweed

Clusiaceae - (Mangosteen Family)

Convolvulaceae - (Morning glory Family)

Ericaceae - (Heath Family)

Fabaceae - (Bean Family)

Gentianaceae - (Gentian Family)

  • Gentianopsis crinita (Froelich) Ma (Syn. Gentiana crinita) - Fringed Gentian {G5, S1, E}
  • Sabatia angularis (L.) Pursh. - Rose Pink
  • Sabatia calycina (Lam.) A.A. Heller -

Lamiaceae - (Mint Family)

Linaceae - (Flax Family)

  • Linum medium (Planch.) Britton - Common Yellow Flax
  • Linum sulcatum Riddel - Grooved Yellow Flax {G5, S1, E}
  • Linum virginianum L. - Virginia Yellow Flax

Lythraceae - (Loosestrife Family)

Melastomataceae - (Meadow-beauty Family)

  • Rhexia mariana L. - Maryland Meadow Beauty

Onagraceae - (Evening Primrose Family)

Oxalidaceae - (Wood-sorrel Family)

  • Oxalis dillenii Jacquin - Southern Yellow Wood-sorrel
  • Oxalis stricta L. - Common Yellow Wood-sorrel
  • Oxalis violacea L. - Violet Wood-sorrel [EU]

Papaveraceae - (Poppy Family)

Phytolaccaceae - (Pokeweed Family)

Plantaginaceae - (Plantain Family)

Polemoniaceae - (Phlox Family)

  • Phlox subulata L. - Moss Phlox, Moss Pink

Polygalaceae - (Milkwort Family)

  • Polygala verticillata L. - Whorled Milkwort

Polygonaceae - (Buckwheat Family)

Portulacaceae - (Purslane Family)

Primulaceae - (Primrose Family)

Pyrolaceae - (Shinleaf Family)

Ranunculaceae - (Buttercup Family)

Rosaceae - (Rose Family)

Rubiaceae - (Madder Family)

  • Houstonia caerulea L. (Syn. Hedyotis caerulea) - Bluets, Quaker Ladies
  • Houstonia purpurea L. (Syn. Hedyotis purpurea) - Large Houstonia [Hand-out]

Santalaceae - (Sandalwood Family)

  • Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. - Bastard Toadflax

Saxifragaceae - (Saxifrage Family)

Scrophulariaceae - (Figwort Family)

Solanaceae - (Nightshade Family)

Urticaceae - (Nettle Family)

  • Laportea canadensis (L.) Gray - Wood-nettle

Violaceae - (Violet Family)

  • Viola palmata L. - Palmate-leaved Violet
  • Viola pedata L. - Bird's-foot Violet (lilac & bicolor)
  • Viola rotundifolia Michx. - Yellow Violet
  • Viola sagittata Aiton (Syn. V. fimbriatula) - Arrow-leaf Violet
  • Viola sororia Willd. (Syn. V. papilionacea) - Common Blue Violet

Class Liliopsida - Monocotyledons

Amaryllidaceae - (Amaryllis Family)

Araceae - (Arum Family)

Commelinaceae - (Spiderwort Family)

Dioscoreaceae - (Yam Family)

Iridaceae - (Iris Family)

Lemnaceae - (Duckweed Family)

  • Lemna minor L. - Smaller Duckweed
  • Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid. - Greater Duckweed

Liliaceae - (Lily Family)

Orchidaceae - (Orchid Family)

  • Cypripedium acaule Aiton - Pink Lady's Slipper
  • Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. Br. - Downy Rattlesnake Plantain
  • Liparis loeselii (L.) Richard - Loesel's Twayblade
  • Orchis spectabilis L. - Showy Orchis
  • Spiranthes cernua (L.) Richard - Nodding Ladies'-tresses
  • Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. (Syn. S. gracilis) - Slender Ladies'-tresses

Smilacaceae - (Greenbrier Family)

  • Smilax herbacea L. - Carrion Flower


Additional reading

Other Lists of Plants from Soldiers Delight (and Maryland).

Woody Plants of Soldiers Delight

Graminoids of Soldiers Delight

Ferns of Soldiers Delight

Lichens of Soldiers Delight

Lichens of Maryland

External links

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