Zwickau (ˈtsvɪkaʊ̯, Cvikov) is a city in Germany, in the Bundesland Sachsen (Saxony), situated in a valley at the foot of the Erzgebirge, on the left bank of the Zwickauer Mulde, 130 km (82 miles) southwest of Dresden, south of Leipzig and south west of Chemnitz. Its population is slightly below 100,000. It is accessed by nearby autobahns, the A72 and A4 along with a train station.
Among the nine churches, the fine Gothic church of St Mary (1451-1536 and restored 1885–1891), with a spire 285 ft. high and a bell weighing 51 tons, is remarkable. The church contains an altar with wood-carving and eight pictures by Michael Wohlgemuth and a remarkable pietà in carved and painted wood, by Peter Breuer Marienkirche: The late Gothic church of St. Catharine Kathrinenkirche: , (restored 1893–94) has an altarpiece ascribed to Lucas Cranach the elder, and is memorable for the pastorate (1520–22) of Thomas Müntzer. Of the secular buildings the most noteworthy are the town-hall of 1581, with the municipal archives, including documents dating back to the 13th century and an autograph MS. of the works of Hans Sachs, and the late Gothic Gewandhaus (cloth merchants' hall), built 1522-24 and now in part converted into a theatre.
Zwickau is also the birthplace of Robert Schumann and there is a museum dedicated to him.
The region around Zwickau was settled by Slavs as early as the 7th century. In the 10th century, German settlers began arriving and the native Slavs were Christianized. A trading place known as Zcwickaw was mentioned in 1118. The settlement received a town charter in 1212 and hosted Franciscans and Cistercians during the 13th century. Zwickau was a free imperial city from 1290-1323, but was granted to the margraves of Meissen afterward. Although regional mining began in 1316, extensive mining increased with the discovery of silver in the Schneeberg in 1470.
The composer Robert Schumann was born in Zwickau in 1810 in a house which still stands in the marketplace.
During the Second World War, the government operated a Nazi concentration camp in Zwickau, liberated by the Allies in 1945. After liberation by the Americans, the town was placed under Soviet control.
As of November 2004, Ampelmännchen traffic signals have achieved gender equality; in Zwickau the first traffic light lady, or Ampelfrau, was created.
|December 1, 1875 ¹||31,491|
|December 1, 1890 ¹||44,198|
|December 1, 1900 ¹||55,825|
|December 1, 1905 ¹||68,502|
|December 1, 1910 ¹||73,542|
|June 16, 1925 ¹||80,358|
|June 16, 1933 ¹||84,701|
|May 17, 1939 ¹||85,198|
|October 29, 1946||122,862|
|August 31, 1950||138,844|
|December 1, 1960||129,138|
|December 31, 1972||124,796|
|June 30, 1981||121,800|
|June 30, 1997||102,100|
|December 31, 2002||100,892|
|June 30, 2006||97,232|
Tender Notice: Stadtverwaltung Zwickau und Gebaeude- und Grundstuecksgesellschaft Zwickau Seeks Plastering, Engineering, Construction, Erection Services (Germany)
Jul 24, 2009; Zwickau, Germany, July 24 -- Stadtverwaltung Zwickau und Gebaeude- und Grundstuecksgesellschaft Zwickau said...
US Patent Issued to BITS Zwickau Buromat IT-Systeme, PETROTEST Instruments KG on Aug. 9 for "Apparatus and Method for Recognizing Objects" (German Inventors)
Aug 11, 2011; ALEXANDRIA, Va., Aug. 11 -- United States Patent no. 7,995,206, issued on Aug. 9, was assigned to BITS Zwickau Buromat...