Zhejiang University (ZJU; ), sometimes referred to as Zheda, is a national university in China. Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest and most prestigious institutions of higher education.
Zhejiang University is located approximately 112 miles (180 km) southwest of Shanghai in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Zhejiang University Library collection contains about 6.9 million volumes , making it one of the largest academic libraries in the country. The university focuses primarily on both undergraduate and graduate education.
In 1897, Lin Qi the mayor of Hangzhou, established Qiushi Academy (). Lin studied the western higher education system and applied it to Qiushi Academy, which would become one of the earliest new schools in modern China history.
1902, [Qiushi Academy] was renamed as (浙江大學堂/浙江大学堂). 1903, its name was changed to Zhejiang Advanced College (aka, Zhejiang College for Higher Education, 浙江高等學堂/浙江高等学堂).
The Yuying Academy (育英书院/育英書院) was also one of the ZJU's early roots. Yuying Academy was established in 1902 with its original name Yuying Xuetang (育英学堂/育英學堂, Xuetang means school or college), later Yuying Yishu (育英义塾/育英義塾, Yishu means public school), and then the academy. 1911, Yuying Academy was modified to Zhijiang Xutang, and moved to the Qinwang Hill (秦望山), a countryside of Hangzhou.
1912, the Zhejiang Medical School was established, later it developed to the Zhejiang Provincial Medical College. This college became the medical college of Zhejiang University.
1927, some schools and colleges (e.g. industrial and agricultural colleges/schools) were merged into the Qiushi Academy. Then the name of the enlarged school was changed into National Third Sun Zhongshan University (or, National Third Sun Yat-sen University), for memorial of Sun Yat-sen. April 1, 1928, it was called Chekiang University (or Pinyin: Zhejiang University), in the same year, "National" was added and it became National Chekiang University ().
War Period, 1937-1949
1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out. Due to the attack from Japanese army, the university had to move out of Hangzhou.
Reputed as "Cambridge of the East" by Joseph Needham (twice visited ZJU in 1944) in China's modern history of higher education, Zhejiang University's was consistently ranked as among top 3 in the nation during that time.
During this period, the National Zhejiang University was praised as one of the Four most Prominent Universities in the Republic China (Chinese: 民国四大名校), along with National Central University, National Southwestern Associated University and National Wuhan University.
Zhejiang University was split up into a number of single-discipline colleges
during the 1952 readjustment of China's Tertiary Education System. Its schools of arts and sciences either went to form Hangzhou University or jointed with Fudan University
. Its medical and pharmaceutical schools formed Zhejiang Medical University. Its agricultural and horticultural schools went to establish Zhejiang Agricultural University.
1952~1953, Its chemical engineering departments and some the other technological parts went to form the Hangzhou Chemical Engineering School (now Zhejiang University of Technology, ZJUT). And the dean Li Shouheng, who was one of the main founders of China's modern chemical engineering, was pointed to be the first president of ZJUT.
In 1998, with the approval of the State Council
, the new Zhejiang University was established as a combination of four major universities that had grown up in Hangzhou
over the previous half-century, namely Zhejiang University, Hangzhou University
, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University.
Partnership with the University of Florida
In July 2008, Zhejian University teamed up with the University of Florida
to research sustainable solutions to the Earth's energy issues. Overall a Joint Research Center of Clean Sustainable Energy among the Florida Institute for Sustainable Energy, at the University of Florida, and the State Key Lab of Clean Energy Utilization and the Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, at Zhejiang University will collaborate to work on this pressing issue.
Zhejiang University consists of many campuses.
- Yuquan Campus (Chinese:玉泉校区, the old headquarters, and the old campus of engineering)
- Xixi Campus (Chinese:西溪校区, the campus of arts and sciences)
- Huajiachi Campus (Chinese:华家池校区, the campus of agriculture)
- Zhijiang Campus (Chinese:之江校区, the old campus of mathematics and related theoretical sciences, at present the main part of it is Guanghua Law School)
- Hubin Campus (Chinese:湖滨校区, the previous campus of medicine and pharmaceutical science, no longer regarded as a campus of ZJU but now a prosperous business district)
- Zijin'gang (Chinese:紫金港校区, new and the biggest campus, to be developed as the new headquarters, located in the northwest of Hangzhou)
This campuses don't belong to Zhejiang University.
City College,Zhejiang University and Zhejiang University are totally different colleges.
Under the direct administration of China's Ministry of Education
, the new Zhejiang University is a key comprehensive university whose fields of study cover eleven branches of learning, namely philosophy, literature, history, education, science, economics, law, management, engineering, agriculture, and medicine. The university, now has 110 specialties for undergraduate studies, and it is entitled to confer masters degrees in 264 programs and doctoral degrees in 181 programs. Under its administration there are 13 National Key Laboratories, 2 National Engineering Research Centers and 3 National Engineering Technology Centers. Besides, it has set up 24 national key specialties and 39 post-doctoral stations.
Colleges & Schools
Zhejiang University has 6 affiliated hospitals
is the Home-coming Day(Chinese
:校庆) of Zhejiang University. May 21st
, 2007 is the 110th anniversary.
Alma Mater(University Anthem)
The only version of Zhejiang University Anthem is in Classical Chinese
. It is very well received by the Zhejiang University Community, including the faculty and students.
A possible translation in English can be
The English Translation of the Words of
the Zhejiang University Anthem
By Chen Gang
- The vast sea contains all streams, all rivers;
- Great learning connects Heaven and Earth.
- Metaphysical is Tao; instrumental is Tool.
- Rites tell people apart; Music gets them together.
- To know their relations would make us ever brighter.
- There’s a national university standing by River Qiantang,
- Whose eternal philosophy is seeking truth from facts.
- Progressive education can produce those able to govern;
- Never say you know the essence, let alone the truth.
- Reform is necessary, and renewal is a must;
- To be a vanguard is to be both creative and innovative;
- Dear young vanguards should be clear of the principles.
- Be devoted to study, deep in thinking and good in understanding;
- We offer arts, science, agriculture, technology, and beyond;
- It needs you to know them all -- their origins and applications.
- To become successful people will be like true gold to be made;
- To give up fractional views we’re of far sight and broad mind;
- To rejuvenate our great nation is to harmonize the whole world.
See List of Zhejiang University alumni
- Chen Duxiu - the main founder, the 1st General Secretary and 1st Chairman of Communist Party of China
- Xie Xuren - Minister of Finance of the People's Republic of China
- Hu Qiaomu - the 1st President of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, President of Xinhua News Agency
- Huang Fu - President and Premier of the Republic of China
- Jiang Menglin - Minister of Education (1928-1930) of the Republic of China
- Chen Yi - Chief Executive and Garrison Commander of Taiwan
- Ye Duzheng - meteorologist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner 2005
- Hsiao-Lan Kuo - meteorologist, Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal winner 1970
- Lin Fanghua - mathematician, Bôcher Memorial Prize winner 2002
- Hu Hesheng - woman mathematician, Noether Lecturer 2002
- T. Tony Cai - statistician, COPSS Presidents' Award winner 2008
- Tsung-Dao Lee - physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (physics, 1957)
- Chien-Shiung Wu - physicist, Wolf Prize winner (physics, 1978)
- Chen Hang - horticulturist, Veitch Memorial Medal winner 1990
- Kun-Liang Guan - biochemist, MacArthur Award winner 1998
- Tao-Chiuh Hsu - biologist, the 13th President of American Society for Cell Biology
- Yao Zhen - biologist, the 1st President of Asian-Pacific Organization for Cell Biology
- Lu Yongxiang - President of Chinese Academy of Science
- Ding Zhongli - Vice-president of Chinese Academy of Science
- Pan Yunhe - Vice-president of Chinese Academy of Engineering
- Pan Jiazheng - Vice-president of Chinese Academy of Engineering
- Wang Xufeng - writer, Mao Dun Literature Prize winner 2000
- Min Zhu - co-founder and former President and CTO of WebEx
- Cha Chi Ming - industrialist, entrepreneur, philanthropist, Grand Bauhinia Medal winner 1997
- Zhu Yanfeng - President of First Automobile Works
- Wang Jianzhou - Chairman & CEO of China Mobile
- Zhu Qinan - shooter, 10 m Air Rifle olympic champion, 2004 Athens
- Zhou Suhong - volleyball player, 2003 World Cup and 2004 Athens Olympic Games team champion.