Yang di-Pertua Negeri

Yang di-Pertua Negeri, literally the "head of state" in Malay, is the official title of the (largely symbolic) State Governors of the Malaysian states of Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak, who are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia.

Before 1976, the heads of state of Penang, Malacca and Sarawak were titled Governor in English and Yang di-Pertua Negeri in Malay, whereas the head of state of Sabah was titled Yang di-Pertua Negara in both languages. Singapore had a Yang di-Pertuan Negara when it gained self-government under British sovereignty in 1959. The title was used by the state governor while Singapore was a part of Malaysia until 1965, when it left Malaysia to become an independent republic. Since 1976 the heads of state of Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak have been titled Yang di-Pertua Negeri in both languages.

In present day usage negeri and negara mean "state (sub-national)" and "state (country)" respectively, though the word negeri was formerly used indiscriminately. The distinction between Yang di-Pertua and Yang di-Pertuan is finer, but present usage is somewhat like the English words "head" and "ruler".

List of Yang di-Pertua Negeri


Name Took Office Left Office
Tun Leong Yew Koh 1957 1963
Tun Haji Abdul Malek bin Yusuf 1963 1971
Tun Haji Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Majid 1971 1975
Tun Syed Zahiruddin bin Syed Hassan 1975 1984
Tun Datuk Seri Utama Syed Ahmad Al-Haj bin Syed Mahmud Shahabudin 1984 2004
Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil bin Yaakob 2004 Incumbent


Name Took Office Left Office
Raja Tun Uda Al-Haj Bin Raja Muhammad 1957 1967
Tun Tan Sri Syed Sheh bin Syed Abdullah Shahabudin 1967 1969
Tun Tan Sri Syed Sheh Al-Haj bin Syed Hassan Barakbah 1969 1975
Tun Tan Sri Dato' Seri Dato' Haji Sardon bin Haji Jubir 1975 1981
Tun Datuk Dr. Haji Awang bin Hassan 1981 1989
Tun Tan Sri Datuk Dr. Haji Hamdan bin Sheikh Tahir 1989 2001
Tun Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas 2001 Incumbent


Name Took Office Left Office
Tun Datu Mustapha bin Datu Harun 1963 1965
Tun Pengiran Haji Ahmad Raffae Pengiran Othman 1965 1973
Tun Muhammad Fuad Stephens 1973 1975
Tun Muhammad Hamdan Abdullah 1975 1978
Tun Ahmad Koroh 1978 1979
Tun Datuk Mohamad Adnan Robert 1979 1987
Tun Mohd Said bin Keruak 1987 1994
Tun Sakaran bin Dandai 1994 2003
Tun Ahmadshah bin Abdullah 2003 Incumbent


Name Took Office Left Office
Tun Abang Haji Openg 1963 1969
Tun Tuanku Bujang Tuanku Othman 1969 1977
Tun Abang Muhammad Salahuddin 1977 1981
Tun Abdul Rahman Ya'kub 1981 1985
Tun Ahmad Zaidi Adruce 1985 2000
Tun Abang Muhammad Salahuddin 2001 Incumbent

See also

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