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Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964, American mathematician, educator, and founder of the field of cybernetics, b. Columbia, Mo., grad. Tufts College, 1909, Ph.D. Harvard, 1913. In 1920 he joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he became (1932) professor of mathematics. He made significant contributions to a number of areas of mathematics including harmonic analysis and Fourier transforms, but is best known for his theory of cybernetics, the comparative study of control and communication in humans and machines. He also made significant contributions to the development of computers and calculators. Wiener recounted his youth and training in the autobiographical *Ex-Prodigy* (1953). He described his mature years and scientific career in *I Am a Mathematician* (1956). His other writings include *The Human Use of Human Beings* (1950), *Nonlinear Problems in Random Theory* (1958), and *Cybernetics* (1948, rev. ed. 1961).

See F. Conway and J. Siegelman, *Dark Hero of the Information Age* (2004).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright © 2004.

Licensed from Columbia University Press

Licensed from Columbia University Press

Norbert Wiener.

Learn more about Wiener, Norbert with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Norbert Wiener.

Learn more about Wiener, Norbert with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Wiener is German for Viennese, but may also refer to:## See also

Wiener is the surname of:

- Alexander S. Wiener (1907-76), leader in the fields of forensic medicine, serology, and immunogenetics
- Alfred Wiener, German Jewish campaigner against Nazism and anti-semitism
- Wiener Library, London institute for the study of the Holocaust
- Great Wiener, The, character in the tale of the Ultimate Wiener, by author Eric Sweet
- Hugo Wiener (1904-93), Austrian Jewish composer, singer, pianist, entertainer, and author
- Jacques Wiener (1815-99), Belgian Jewish-Flemish engraver
- Jean Wiener (born 1896), French pianist, composer
- Martin Wiener, U.S. political historian
- Michael J. Wiener Canadian cryptologist
- Norbert Wiener, American mathematician
- Wiener process, a mathematical model related to Brownian motion
- Wiener filter
- Paley–Wiener theorem
- Wiener–Khinchin theorem
- Shannon index, sometimes incorrectly referred to as "Shannon–Wiener index"
- Norbert Wiener Prizes:
- Norbert Wiener Prize in Applied Mathematics
- Norbert Wiener Award for Social and Professional Responsibility
- Wiener (crater), a crater on the far side of the Moon
- Robert Wiener, CNN senior producer in Baghdad 1990-91 during the Gulf War
- Rosalind Wiener Wyman, Los Angeles politician

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Last updated on Tuesday September 30, 2008 at 10:35:41 PDT (GMT -0700)

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Last updated on Tuesday September 30, 2008 at 10:35:41 PDT (GMT -0700)

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