Definitions

Wanderer_(car)

Wanderer (car)

Wanderer was a German manufacturer of bicycles, motorcycles, automobiles, vans and other machinery. Established as Winklhofer & Jaenicke in 1896, the company used Wanderer brand name since 1911, making civilian automobiles until 1941 and military until 1945.

History

Winklhofer & Jaenicke, the business that became eventually known for its Wanderer cars, was established in 1896 in Chemnitz. They built motorcycles since 1902, automobiles since 1903. The Wanderer brand was chosen in 1911 for overseas exports and was soon adopted for domestic sales.

The first two or three seater models used four cylinder 1145 cc and 1220 cc engines. The 1220 cc model lasted until 1925. The first six cylinder model appeared in 1928. By 1926, when Wanderer introduced a successful Typ 10, the company was making 25 vehicles a day; parts were made at the old plant in Chemnitz and assembled at the new site in Siegmar, delivered by rail right to the assembly line. Motorcycle production continued in Chemnitz alone.

During the Great Depression, in 1929, the company owner, Dresdner Bank, sold the motorcycle business, and in 1932 divested the rest of Wanderer. The company formed part of Auto Union with Horch, Audi and DKW. In this quartet, Horch was positioned as the luxury brand, DKW built cheap two-stroke cars, Audi and Wanderer competed in different segments of mid-priced, technologically advanced small cars (heaviest, 6-cylinder Wanderers reached 1.5 tons dry weight). Wanderers of Nazi period acquired a trademark radiator design, shaped as a heraldic shield.

The next Wanderer model (1692 cc four cylinder) was similar to a parallel DKW model. In 1933, an Audi model was equipped with a Wanderer-built 1963 cc six cylinder ohv engine. The top model from 1936 to 1939 was W50, propelled by a 2257 cc six cylinder engine. There were also sporting fours (W24 and W25) and another six cylinder model of 2632 cc (W23). Wanderer cars were always admired for their high quality and sporting character. In 1941 all civilian production was replaced with military vehicles. A subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp, KZ Siegmar-Schonau, was operated during the war to provide slave labour for the Wanderer vehicle plants.

The Siegmar and Schönau plants in Saxony were destroyed during World War II, closing this chapter in the history of automobiles. Post-war efforts to restore East German auto industry concentrated on Auto-Union facilities in Zwickau and Schoppau, Wanderer plants never recovered. Wanderer managers migrated to West Germany, being instrumental in the recovery of DKW.

Automobile models

Type Years Engine type Displacement Engine power Top speed
W1 (5/12 PS) "Puppchen" 1912 - 1913 straight-4 1147 cc 12 PS (8,8 kW)
W2 (5/15 PS) "Puppchen" 1913 - 1914 straight-4 1222 cc 15 PS (11 kW)
W3 (5/15 PS) "Puppchen" 1914 - 1919 straight-4 1286 cc 15 PS (11 kW)
W4 (5/15 PS) "Puppchen" 1919 - 1924 straight-4 1306 cc 17 PS (12,5 kW)
W6 (6/18 PS) 1921 - 1923 straight-4 1551 cc 18 PS (13,2 kW)
W9 (6/24 PS) 1923 - 1925 straight-4 1551 cc 24 PS (17,6 kW)
W8 (5/20 PS) “Puppchen” 1925 - 1926 straight-4 1306 cc 20 PS (14,7 kW)
W10/I (6/30 PS) 1926 - 1928 straight-4 1551 cc 30 PS (22 kW)
W10/II (8/40 PS) 1927 - 1929 straight-4 1940 cc 40 PS (29 kW)
W11 (10/50 PS) 1928 - 1930 straight-6 2540 cc 50 PS (37 kW)
W10/IV (6/30 PS) 1930 - 1932 straight-4 1563 cc 30 PS (22 kW)
W11 (10/50 PS) 1930 - 1933 straight-6 2540 cc 50 PS (37 kW)
W14 (12/65 PS) 1931 - 1932 straight-6 2970-2995 cc 65 PS (48 kW)
W15 (6/30 PS) 1932 straight-4 1563 cc 30 PS (22 kW)
W17 (7/35 PS) 1932 - 1933 straight-6 1690 cc 35 PS (25,7 kW)
W20 (8/40 PS) 1932 - 1933 straight-6 1950 cc 40 PS (29 kW)
W21 / W235 / W35 1933 - 1936 straight-6 1690 cc 35 PS (25,7 kW)
W22 / W240 / W40 1933 - 1938 straight-6 1950 cc 40 PS (29 kW)
W245 / W250 1935 straight-6 2257 cc 50 PS (37 kW) -
W45 / W50 / Spezial W51 1936 - 1938 straight-6 2257 cc 55 PS (40 kW) -
W25K 1936 - 1938 straight-6 1950 cc 85 PS (62,5 kW)
W52 1937 straight-6 2651 cc 62 PS (45,6 kW)
W24 1937 - 1940 straight-4 1767 cc 42 PS (30,9 kW)
W26 1937 - 1940 straight-6 2651 cc 62 PS (45,6 kW)
W23 1937 - 1941 straight-6 2651 cc 62 PS (45,6 kW)

References

See also

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