Definitions

Voždovac

Voždovac

Voždovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Вождовац) is an urban neighborhood and one of 17 municipalities which constitute the City of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is one of the 10 urban municipalities, but among them also one of 4 that have both urban and suburban sections.

Neighborhood

Location

The neighborhood of Voždovac is located 4-5 km south of downtown Belgrade, on a hill in the northern part of the municipality. Three long, more or less parallel streets shape the neighborhood into an elongated form in the north-west to south-east direction: western border is marked by the Boulevard of Liberation, which also makes the border to the municipality of Savski Venac, eastern by the Kumodraška street, while the Vojvode Stepe street goes in between. Due to its shape, Voždovac borders many other neighborhoods: Autokomanda on the north, Diplomatska Kolonija on the north-west, Banjica (and Banjica Forest) on the west, Trošarina and Banjica II on the south-west, Kumodraž (it's sub-neighborhoods of Kumodraž II and Torlak) on the south, Braće Jerković II and Mitrovo Brdo on the south-east, Braće Jerković on the east and Dušanovac on the north-east.

Name and history

Name Voždovac is derived from the word vožd meaning leader (literally, a "duke", "supreme vojvoda"), one of the titles used by the Karađorđe Petrović, the leader of the First Serbian Uprising. He also commanded the liberation of Belgrade from the Turks in 1806, and on the very spot from where he started that operation today stands a Church of the Saint Emperor Constantine and Helena, popularly called the Voždovac Church (Voždovačka crkva).

Characteristics

Originally a residential area, as the neighborhood was growing and stretching to the south, it developed different features. The south-western extension to Torlak, along the Vojvode Stepe street, developed almost rural look, while the southern extension into the Kumodraž II is turned into one of the most heavily industrialized areas in the "Old Belgrade". The western area, along the Boulvard of Liberation became somewhat of an elitistic neighborhood. Three faculties of the University of Belgrade are located in the neighborhood: Management (FON), Political sciences (FPN) and Transportation. Population of the neighborhood was 22,516 in 2002.

Municipality

Location

The municipality is located in the south-central part of the urban area of Belgrade and in the central section of the wider Belgrade City area. It stretches meridonally (north to south) for almost , spreading to the south more than any other urban municipality of Belgrade. Due to its shape, it borders more municipalities than any other: Vračar on the north, Zvezdara on the north-east, Grocka on the east, Sopot on the south, Barajevo on the south-west, Čukarica and Rakovica on the west and Savski Venac on the north-west.

Geography

Municipality is located in the northern section of the Šumadija region ("Low Šumadija"). The southern part covers the northern section of the woods of Lipovička šuma and roughly corresponds to the valley of the Topčiderka river which flows between the Pinosava and Ripanj plateaux. The central area is occupied by one of two "Belgrade" mountains, the -high Avala (the other one being Kosmaj). In the northern, urban section, Voždovac covers several of the 32 hills on which Belgrade is built, including Torlak and Pašino Brdo.

Apart from Topčiderka, numerous smaller rivers and intermittent creeks flow in the northern part of the municipality: Zavojnička reka, Vranovac, Milošev potok, Bubanj Potok, Kamena voda, Lipica, Drenjak, Kumodraški potok and parts of Rakovički potok, Bolečica and Jelezovac. The spring and the valley of the former Mokroluški Potok (now mostly conducted underground) is also located in the municipality. Despite having large wooded areas in the non-urban section (slopes of Avala, northern part of Lipovička šuma, Stepin Lug/Gaj), the urban area has only one real park, Šumice.

Population

The massive population growth was halted in the late 1980s, despite still growing settlements on the southern and south-eastern outskirts of Belgrade. Still, with , Voždovac is still densely populated, especially concerning large unurbanized areas in the south. Population of Voždovac according to the official census of population (since 1991 a new methodology is used):

  • 1961 - 85,458
  • 1971 - 134,206
  • 1981 - 159,364
  • 1991 - 156,373
  • 2002 - 151,768

Ethnic groups (2002 census)

Settlements

The municipality of Voždovac has both urban neighborhoods of the Belgrade City proper (uža teritorija grada) and separate, suburban settlements in the Belgrade City Metro area.

Urban:

  • Jajinci
  • Kumodraž
  • Kumodraž I
  • Kumodraž II
  • Kumodraž Selo
  • Lekino Brdo
  • Mala Utrina
  • Marinkova Bara
  • Medaković
  • Medaković I
  • Medaković II
  • Medaković III
  • Mitrovo Brdo
  • Pašino Brdo
  • Selo Rakovica
  • Siva Stena
  • Šumice
  • Torlak
  • Trošarina
  • Veljko Vlahović
  • Voždovac
  • Suburban towns:

    Suburban rural:

    Neighborhoods of Ripanj:

  • Čaršija
  • Kablar
  • Kolonija
  • Prnjavor
  • Stepašinovac
  • Stražarija
  • Trešnja
  • History and administration

    The municipality of Voždovac originates from 1904. In 1945 Belgrade was divided into districts (rejon) and Voždovac became part of District VI. In 1952 the districts were abolished and the municipalities re-established. Municipality of Pašino Brdo was annexed to Voždovac on September 1, 1955 and today makes its northernmost part. The municipality was territorially shaped in the early 1960s when the municipality of Ripanj was added to Voždovac (the village of Veliki Mokri Lug was later detached and annexed to the municipality of Zvezdara). However, shaped this way, the elongated municipality causes problem to the inhabitants of its southern part as they have to travel over {[km to mi|30}} to the municipal assembly. There is an idea of separating suburban settlements (Beli Potok, Pinosava, Zuce, Ripanj) and creating new sub-Avalan municipality (Avalski Venac), with the village of Vrčin in the municipality of Grocka but no official move has been done so far in that direction. Presidents of the municipal assembly:

    1952 - 1955; Nikola Stepanović (1916)

    1955 - 1956; Vučko Ivković (1913)

    1956 - 1965; Petar Kolundžija

    1965 - 1973; Zoran Nastić

    1973 - 1978; Munir Lasić

    1978 - 1982; Dragomir Marić

    1982 - 1986; Borislav Kuzmanović

    1986 - 1988; Milorad Leković

    1988 - 1991; Zoran Višnjić

    1991 - 1992; Zoran Antonić

    1992 - 1994; Božidar Simatković

    1994 - 1997; Zoran Modrinić (1947)

    1997 - October 12, 2000; Nebojša Atanacković (1943)

    October 12, 2000 - December 9, 2004; Stevan Radović (1940)

    December 9, 2004 - (present); Goran Lukačević (1966)

    Economy

    Suburban parts of the municipality are mostly agricultural, but the urban section has a large industrial zone, one of the largest in the city, mostly along the Kumodraška street. It comprises the factories of Vatrosprem, Tunelogradnja, Soko Štark, Napred, Montaža, Ratko Mitrović, etc. Some facilities of the Belgrade's Communal Company and of Electricity company (EDB) are located in the neighborhood of Marinkova Bara, along the highway. A small center of the building companies and cement plants is growing along Bubanj Potok.

    Administrative center of the municipality is located in Dušanovac, along the Ustanička street. It encompasses the building of the Municipal assembly, the police and fire station, the local clinical-ambulance center, the Fifth Municipal Court of Belgrade and the Special section of the Supreme court of Serbia for organized crime and war crimes (formerly the Supreme Military Court of Yugoslavia).

    The Belgrade-Niš highway passes through the northern and eastern parts of the municipality while the road of Kružni put (and the projected Belgrade beltway) goes through the central parts, including the junction of two roads and tollbooth on Bubanj Potok, which marks the entrance into the Belgrade City proper. A railway also goes through the municipality, parallel to the Kružni put.

    Trivia

    The football club from the area, FK Voždovac, plays in First League of Serbia within which they finished 3rd in the 2005/06 season.

    The neighborhood of Jajinci was the place where the 3rd European Peoples Global Action conference was held in July 2004.

    International cooperation

    Voždovac is twinned with following cities and municipalities:

    And has signed friendship charters with following cities and municipalities:

    See also

    References

    • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1986); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
    • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6

    External links

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