Vang was established as a municipality January 1, 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).
Vang is bordered to the north by the municipalities Lom and Vågå, to the east by Øystre Slidre, to the southeast by Vestre Slidre and to the south by Hemsedalin the county of Buskerud, to the west by Lærdal and Årdal in the county of Sogn og Fjordane.
Vang municipality is 56 km on a north-south axis and 47.3 km on an east-west axis. The highest point is Kalvehøgdi with a height of 2208 meters above sea-level.
Three quarters of the region is above 900 meters. Five percent of the area is covered by water. The lowest point is 363 meters above sea-level.
High up the slopes of Filefjell is the site of Nystua, where travellers found refuge as they passed across the divide into Vestlandet. On the other side of the pass, Maristua was erected at the direction of Queen Margaret circa 1390. Although Nystua is first mentioned in 1627, it is undoubtedly older. These refuges were maintained by the state until 1830.
Smeddalen (Smith's Valley) immediately to the west of Nystua, was for centuries the site of the church of St. Thomas (St. Thomas på Filefjell). The earliest reference to it is in 1615, but it was apparently a stave church, so would have been much older. According to F.N. Stagg “It was reconditioned (c. 1615)… the priest at Vang preached there once a year–on July 2nd… many sought cures for their ailments in the miraculous powers possessed by splinters from its timbers…” A market grew up near the church as a result of the July 2nd service. “Horses were traded, races run, heavy drinking indulged in and many a fight ensued.” Markets continued to be held near the church until the 19th century, but as a result of fighting and general unrest in connection with the market days the church was torn down in 1808. A new church was built on the site in 1971.
Vang: A conflicting portrait; "We send our condolences to the families, and all I can do is ask God to be with us all." - Mai Vang, sister of Chai Soua Vang.(NEWS)
Dec 05, 2004; Byline: Curt Brown; Randy Furst; Staff Writers Nearly every Friday about midnight, when Chai Soua Vang finished working...