According to the 15th century book Đại Việt Sử ký Toàn thư (Đại Việt Complete History), this nation had its capital in Phong Châu (楓周; now in Phú Thọ Province). It was bordered to the east by the South China Sea, to the west by Ba Thục (巴蜀; today Sichuan), to the north by Dongting Lake (Hunan), and to the south by Lake Tôn (Champa). The country was divided into 15 regions: Giao Chỉ, Chu Diên, Vũ Ninh, Phúc Lộc, Việt Thường, Ninh Hải, Dương Tuyền, Lục Hải, Vũ Định, Hoài Hoan, Cửu Chân, Bình Văn, Tân Hưng, Cửu Đức, and Văn Lang was the King's capital.
Việt Sử Lược (Việt Brief History) notes that Văn Lang consisted of 15 regions; in it there are 10 names recorded similar to those given in Đại Việt Complete History (Giao Chỉ, Vũ Ninh, Việt Thường, Ninh Hải, Lục Hải, Hoài Hoan, Cửu Chân, Bình Văn, Cửu Đức, and Văn Lang), and five regions with different names (Quân Ninh, Gia Ninh, Thang Tuyền, Tân Xương, and Nhật Nam).
The founder of Văn Lang was Hùng Vương (King Hùng). The Hùng Vương throne was hereditary. The Hùng Kings were military commanders and religious leaders at the same time.
Văn Lang was supposedly ruled by 88 Hùng Kings, but only 18 names had written:
Văn Lang ended when, in roughly 258 BCE, the Âu Việt tribe invaded. The Âu Việt king, Thục Phán, defeated the last Hùng Vương, uniting the two kingdoms, naming the new nation "Âu Lạc," and proclaiming himself King An Dương Vương.