is a small town in the foothills of the Balele Mountains
, South Africa
Coal mining and cattle ranching are the predominant economic activities of the citizens of Utrecht.
In 1852 Voortrekker
settlers traded 100 head of cattle with the Zulu
for grazing rights
, but the settlers claimed the land as their own and formed the Republic of Utrecht
. The 32 km by 64 km Boer republic was named after the far larger city of Utrecht
in the Netherlands
as its capital, also called Utrecht. Given its tiny population and the Boer aversion from central authorities, it was still simply governed by a Landdrost
On 8 May 1858, the republic was incorporated into the Boer Republic of Lydenburg.
Ultimately it was returned to the British colony of Natal under the Anglo-Boer treaty in 1860, together with Vryheid and Wakkerstroom districts.
Sources and references