Definitions

Utility_Group

Utility Group

Utility Group is the name of a breed group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. How Utility Group is defined varies among kennel clubs, and different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Utility Group. Some kennel clubs do not use the Utility Group classification. Utility Group is not a term used by the international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, which more finely divides its breed groupings by dog type and breed history.

Definitions of Utility Group

There are two different kennel club definitions of Utility Group. In one, dogs which do not fit elsewhere are placed in the Utility Group, and in the other, certain breeds of working dogs are designated as part of the Utility Group.

The Kennel Club (UK) places in the Utility Group dog breeds that do not quite fit in other groups, such as the Shih Tzu, which other kennel clubs place in the Toy Group, but the Kennel Club does not, as it considers them to be too large. Other dogs are placed in the Kennel Club's Utility Group group because the working purpose for which they were originally bred "has now become redundant", such as the function of the Dalmation to run alongside horse-drawn coaches. The Kennel Club defines "Utility" as meaning fitness for a purpose, taken to mean fitness for a purpose not covered by other Groups. Therefore, there is little relationship between the breeds in this Group.

The New Zealand Kennel Club and the Australian National Kennel Council each recognize a Utility Group, with a different emphasis. In Australia and New Zealand, the Utility Group includes large breeds of livestock guardian type dogs, large Spitz types, as well as guard, rescue, and messenger dogs.

Other major kennel clubs in the English-speaking world that do not use the Utility Group category include the American Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club. How the Utility Group breeds are placed by those kennel clubs and by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale are detailed in the section on Utility Group breeds.

In the Canadian Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club, the Working Group includes all breeds that do work other than hunting or herding. In the New Zealand Kennel Club, the Working Group includes all the dogs found in the Pastoral Group or Herding Group of other kennel clubs, and the breeds found in the Working Group of those kennel clubs are found in the Utility Group of the New Zealand Kennel Club. The Australian National Kennel Council Utility Group is defined in a similar manner to that of the New Zealand Kennel Club.

A second organisation in the United States, the United Kennel Club, is also often considered among the major registries. The United Kennel Club does not recognise a Utility Group.

Utility Group breeds

The Kennel Club (UK) Utility Group

Twenty nine breeds are listed in the Utility Group by The Kennel Club. The purpose of this section is to compare the categorisation of those breeds by The Kennel Club with the way in which each individual Utility Group breed is categorised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and a few other national (major) kennel clubs.

Comparison of The Kennel Club Utility Groups breeds with breed group placement by other major kennel clubs
Breed Fédération Cynologique Internationale Australian National Kennel Council New Zealand Kennel Club Canadian Kennel Club American Kennel Club

Akita (American Akita) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds (no.344) Utility Group Utility Group Only one breed of Akita, in Group 3 Working Dogs Only one breed of Akita, in the Working Group

Boston Terrier Group 3 Terriers/Section 3: Bull type Terriers Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Bulldog Group 2, Section 2: Molossoid breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) (British Bulldog) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Canaan Dog Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 6: Primitive type Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 3 Working Dogs Herding Group

Chow Chow Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Dalmatian Group 6 Scenthounds and Related Breeds/Section 3: Related breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Eurasier Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 3 Working Dogs not recognised

French Bulldog Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

German Spitz (Klein) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 4: European Spitz (all of the German Spitz including the Keeshond are listed as one breed) Group 7 (Non Sporting) (Mittel and Klein sizes of one breed) Non-Sporting Group not recognised not recognised

German Spitz (Mittel) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 4: European Spitz (all of the German Spitz including the Keeshond are listed as one breed) Group 7 (Non Sporting) (Mittel and Klein sizes of one breed) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting American Eskimo Dog (Non-Sporting Group) may at times be registerable as Mittelspitz for international shows

Japanese Akita Inu (Akita Inu) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds (no.255) Utility Group Utility Group Only one breed of Akita recognised Only one breed of Akita recognised

Japanese Shiba Inu Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz Utility Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Japanese Spitz Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting not recognised

Keeshond Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 4: European Spitz (all of the German Spitz including the Keeshond are listed as one breed) Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Korean Jindo Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised

Lhasa Apso Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Mexican Hairless (Intermediate) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 6: Primitive type (all of the sizes of Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle) are listed as one breed) not recognised not recognised not recognised (this size only) not recognised (Foundation Stock Service for one breed)

Mexican Hairless (Miniature) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 6: Primitive type (all of the sizes of Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle) are listed as one breed) not recognised not recognised Group 6 Non-Sporting not recognised

Mexican Hairless (Standard) Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 6: Primitive type (all of the sizes of Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle) are listed as one breed) not recognised not recognised Group 6 Non-Sporting not recognised

Miniature Schnauzer Group 2 Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type (all of the Schnauzers are listed as sizes of the same breed) Group 6 (Utility) Working Group Group 4 Terriers (other Schnauzers are in Group 6, Non-Sporting) Terrier Group

Poodle (Miniature) Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 2: Poodle (all poodles are considered sizes of the same breed) Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Poodle (Standard) Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 2: Poodle (all poodles are considered sizes of the same breed) Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Poodle (Toy) Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 2: Poodle (all poodles are considered sizes of the same breed) Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group

Schipperke Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs/Section 1: Sheepdogs Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Schnauzer listed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in Group 2, Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type (all of the Schnauzers are listed as sizes of the same breed) Group 6 (Utility) Working Group Group 6 Non-Sporting (Standard Schnauzer) Working Group

Shar Pei Group 2, Section 2 : Molossoid breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group (Chinese Shar Pei)

Shih Tzu Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Toy Group

Tibetan Spaniel Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Group 1 (Toys) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Tibetan Terrier Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

New Zealand and Australia Utility Groups

The purpose of this section is to compare the placement of breeds in the Utility Group by the New Zealand Kennel Club and the Australian National Kennel Council with the breeds placed in the Kennel Club's Utility Group, and with the way in which each individual Utility Group breed is categorised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and a few other national (major) kennel clubs.

The New Zealand Kennel Club and the Australian National Kennel Council Utility Groups are similar to each other, but differ from the Kennel Club Utility Group. The New Zealand Kennel Club and the Australian National Kennel Council Utility Groups include large guardian and Spitz dog breeds that are found primarily in the Fédération Cynologique Internationale Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and in Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types, although a few are in other groups. Other kennel clubs may place these same breeds in the Working Group or Pastoral Group.

Comparison of New Zealand and Australia Utility Groups breeds with breed group placement by other major kennel clubs
Breed Australian National Kennel Council New Zealand Kennel Club Fédération Cynologique Internationale The Kennel Club (UK) Canadian Kennel Club American Kennel Club

Akita (American Akita) Utility Group Utility Group Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds (no.344) Utility Group Only one breed of Akita, in Group 3 Working Dogs Only one breed of Akita, in the Working Group

Japanese Akita (Akita Inu) Utility Group Utility Group Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds (no.255) Utility Group Only one breed of Akita recognised Only one breed of Akita recognised

Alaskan Malamute Utility Group Utility Group Group 5 "Spitz and Primitive types" not recognised Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Anatolian Shepherd Dog (Coban Köpegi) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs Pastoral Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Bernese Mountain Dog (Berner Sennenhund) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 3: Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Black Russian Terrier (Russian Black Terrier, Tchiorny Terrier) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs (listed breed) Working Group

Boxer Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Bullmastiff Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Canadian Eskimo Dog Utility Group Utility Group not recognised Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs not recognised

Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Sredneasiatskaïa Ovtcharka, Central Asian Ovcharka, Alabai) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type not recognised not recognised not recognised (Foundation Stock Service)

Dobermann Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type/1.1 Pinscher Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Dogue De Bordeaux Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type Working Group not recognised Working Group

Cão da Serra da Estrela (Estrela Mountain Dog) not recognised Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type not recognised not recognised not recognised (Foundation Stock Service)

Fila Brasileiro not recognised Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type not recognised not recognised not recognised

German Pinscher (Deutscher Pinscher) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type/1.1 Pinscher Working Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Working Group

Italian Corso Dog (Cane Corso Italiano) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type not recognised Group 3 Working Dogs Not fully recognised (Miscellaneous Class)

Kangal Dog Utility Group Utility Group not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised

Leonberger Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Not fully recognised (Miscellaneous Class)

Mastiff Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type (no.264) Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Neapolitan Mastiff (Mastino Napoletano) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type (no.197) Working Group not recognised Working Group

Newfoundland Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type (no.50) Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Portuguese Water Dog (Cão de agua Português) Utility Group Utility Group Group 8 Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs/Section 3: Water Dogs Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Pyrenean Mastiff (Mastín del Pirineo) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type (no.92) Working Group not recognised not recognised

Pyrenean Mountain Dog (Chien de Montagne des Pyrénée) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type (no.137) Pastoral Group not recognised not recognised

Rottweiler Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.1 Mastiff type (no.147) Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Samoyed (Samoiedskaïa Sabaka) Utility Group Utility Group Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs Pastoral Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Schnauzer (Standard Schnauzer) Utility Group (all three sizes) Utility Group (all three sizes) all Schnauzers considered to be sizes of the same breed, listed in Group 2/Section 1.2 Schnauzer Utility Group (Standard and Miniature) Group 3 Working Dogs (Giant and Standard only) Working Group (Giant and Standard only)

Schnauzer (Giant) Utility Group Utility Group all Schnauzers considered to be sizes of the same breed, listed in Group 2/Section 1.2 Schnauzer Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Schnauzer (Miniature) Utility Group Utility Group all Schnauzers considered to be sizes of the same breed, listed in Group 2/Section 1.2 Schnauzer Utility Group Group 4 Terriers Terrier Group

Shiba Inu (Shiba) Utility Group Utility Group Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 5 : Asian Spitz and related breeds (no.257) Utility Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group

Siberian Husky Utility Group Utility Group Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types/Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs (no.270) Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Spanish Mastiff (Mastín español) Utility Group not recognised Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type (no.91) not recognised not recognised not recognised

St Bernard Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type (no.61) Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs Working Group

Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khyi) Utility Group Utility Group Group 2/Section 2: Molossoid breeds/2.2 Mountain type (no.230) Working Group Group 3 Working Dogs (listed breed) Working Group

Other kennel clubs and registries

Kennel Clubs in countries other than those listed may also use the term Utility Group, their definition may differ. "Utility Group" may also be a term used by minor registries, kennel clubs, breed clubs, sporting clubs, and internet dog businesses. Each may or may not define the term separately.

Not recognised

A breed that is not recognised by a kennel club means that it has not been sufficiently vetted according to that particular kennel club's rules. It does not mean that the breed is not a breed. Major kennel clubs usually require a breed to have a specific amount of documentation, as well as a large enough breed club to warrant the training of judges for the breed, for the breed to be accepted.

Utility Group winners

At the Crufts 2008 show (UK), the Utility Group prize was won by Japanese Shiba Inu Ch Janeryls - In The Line Of Fire JW, owned by Mrs J Bannister.

See also

Breed Groups (dog)

References

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