(also called technics
) are concerned with the skills and methods of practical subjects such as manufacture and craftsmanship. The word has now gone out of fashion, but it was coined during the Victorian era
as an antonym to the performing arts
and the fine arts
The term "Useful Arts" is used in the United States Constitution, _Powers_of_Congress which is the basis of United States patent and copyright law:
"To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;…"
In the clause, the phrase "useful Arts" is meant to reference inventions, while "Science" is meant to reference human knowledge, including that which is encompassed in literature and the "fine arts".