Uppland is a historical province or landskap on the eastern coast of Sweden, just north of Stockholm, the capital. It borders Södermanland, Västmanland and Gästrikland. It is also bounded by lake Mälaren and the Baltic sea. It has an extremely short and strangely shaped land border with Åland, an autonomous province of Finland, on the small uninhabited island of Märket in the Baltic.
The name literally means up land, a name which is commonly encountered in especially older English literature. Its Latinised form, which is occasionally used, is Uplandia.
The traditional provinces of Sweden
serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. The corresponding administrative county
, or län
, is Uppsala County
, which occupies the larger part of the territory. The bulk of the population, however, is within Stockholm County
. Minor parts of the province are also in Västmanland County
, Gävleborg County
and Södermanland County
Arms granted in 1560. Historically Uppland ranked as a duchy and the coat of arms is represented with a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Gules, a Royal Orb Or gemmed of the field and Azure with the cross bottoned Argent." Despite the fact that the Uppsala län
has a different name and a smaller territory it was granted the same coat of arms in 1940.
Uppland was historically divided into chartered cities
and districts. Within Roslagen
they were called ship districts, and in the rest of the province hundreds
. The above mantioned districts and cities have today no administrative function.
The population of Uppland was 1,339,154 as of 2004. The provincial population corresponds to the two main counties as follows:
(Note: The population statistics for Uppsala County date from 2007, which is why the population adds up to a larger total sum.)
The earliest unambiguous mention of the province of Uppland comes from the 1296, when it was mentioned that it included the Folklands
. The Swedish capital of Stockholm is divided between two provinces. The southern half lies in Södermanland and the northern half in Uppland.
The nominal title Duke of a province has been awarded to Swedish princes since 1772. Dukes of Södermanland were:
is the seat of the only (formerly Catholic) archbishop
of the Lutheran Church of Sweden
The archaeological site Birka
and the castle of Drottningholm
are UNESCO World Heritage sites