The Upper Midwest is a region of the United States with no universally agreed-upon boundary, but it almost always lies within the US Census Bureau's definition of the Midwest and includes the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois and Indiana. Other definitions include other states such as North Dakota, South Dakota, Missouri, Ohio, and Iowa.
According the to 2000 US Census, the core states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan total 39,460,846 people and 282,175 square miles of land. Including the other states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Missouri, Ohio, and Iowa the region contains 60,943,336 people and 582,739 square miles of land. In round numbers, the core states have the same area as France, and the expanded region has the population of France.
The Association for Institutional Research in the Upper Midwest defines the region as including the states of Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
The ten standard Federal Regions were established by OMB (Office of Management and Budget) Circular A-105, "Standard Federal Regions," in April, 1974, and required for all executive agencies. In recent years, some agencies have tailored their field structures to meet program needs and facilitate interaction with local, state and regional counterparts. Region five is Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio.
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