The United States Civil Service Commission
was created by the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
, which was passed into law on 16 January 1883
. The commission was created to administer the civil service
of the United States federal government
in response to the assassination of President James Garfield
by Charles Guiteau
, who is said to have been a rejected office seeker. Guiteau wanted a job via the spoils system
and Chester Arthur didn't want to continue the system that killed his predecessor.
Effective 1 January 1978, the commission was renamed the Office of Personnel Management under the provisions of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1978 (43 F.R. 36037, 92 Stat. 3783) and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. In addition, several of its functions were spun off to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the Office of Special Counsel (OSC).