) is a variety of membrane filtration
in which hydrostatic pressure forces a liquid against a semipermeable membrane
. Suspended solids and solutes of high molecular weight are retained, while water and low molecular weight solutes pass through the membrane. This separation process
is used in industry and research for purifying and concentrating macromolecular (103
- 106 Da
) solutions, especially protein solutions. Ultrafiltration is not fundamentally different from reverse osmosis
, except in terms of the size of the molecules it retains.
More specifically, it can refer to: