The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation also known as TRT, (Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu), was founded in 1964, it is the national public broadcaster of Turkey. Around 70% of TRT's funding comes from a tax levied on electricity bills and a sales tax on television and radio receivers. As these are hypothecated taxes, as opposed to the money coming from general government funds, the principle is similar to that of the television licence levied in a number of other countries. The rest of TRT's funding comes from government grants (around 20%), with the final 10% coming from advertising.
Affectionately known to local consumers as the "School", it was for many years the only television and radio provider in Turkey. Before the introduction of commercial radio in 1990, and subsequently commercial television in 1992, it held a monopoly on broadcasting. More recent deregulation of the Turkish television broadcasting market produced analogue cable television. Today, TRT broadcasts around the world, especially in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. It is frequently heralded as the most widely respected broadcaster in Turkey.
TRT's predecessor, "Türkiye Radyoları" was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. The original company started radio test broadcasts in 1926, with a studio built in Istanbul in 1927 and a studio in Ankara following in 1928.
From September 2008, TRT is planning major changes to its channel line-up. TRT 4 will no longer broadcast Turkish classical and folk music but instead will be a children's channel during the daytime and an education channel in the evening. TRT 2 will be relocated to Istanbul with a renewed emphasis on cultural programming. TRT GAP will be replaced by a channel carrying broadcasts in Kurdish, Arabic and Persian. TRT also plans to launch a new documentary channel. TRT INT will become an international news channel broadcasting in several languages.
There are four national television channels in the TRT network. All programming was in black and white from the start of test transmissions until the New Year's Eve programming on December 31, 1981, when the first color tests started. The entire lineup switched to color on March 15, 1984.
TURKEY: PM VETOES TRT DIRECTOR-GENERAL APPPOINTMENT.(Turkish Radio and Television Corporation )(Brief Article)
Jun 12, 2003; According to Cumhuriyet, Prime Minister Ahmet Necdet Sezer vetoed a bill appointing Senol Dirioz as the new director-general of...
TURKEY: TRT IN APPEAL OVER MOTHER TONGUE BROADCAST MANDATE.(Turkish Radio and Television Corporation)(Brief Article)
Jun 16, 2003; According to Cumhuriyet, state broadcaster the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) appealed to the Council of State...