At the beginning of the internment, Japanese Americans and resident aliens of Japanese descent were given a questionnaire to determine their loyalty to the United States. Question 27 on the questionnaire asked, "Are you willing to serve in the armed forces of the United States on combat duty, wherever ordered?" while question 28 asked, "Will you swear unqualified allegiance to the United States and faithfully defend the United States from any or all attack by foreign or domestic forces, and forswear any form of allegiance or obedience to the Japanese emperor, or any other foreign government, power, or organization?"
A number of those who were sent to Tule Lake had found the loyalty oath's questions confusing, while others, certain that they were to be deported to Japan no matter how they had answered, feared that answering the questions in the affirmative would cause them to be seen as enemy aliens by the Japanese. Others chose to answer "no" to both questions in protest of their imprisonment.
Some of the Tule Lake internees had participated in demonstrations against the internment policy at other camps,and many residents had renounced their U.S. citizenship. Unsanitary, squalid living conditions, inadequate medical care, poor food, and unsafe working conditions had prompted protests at several camps. In November 1943 a series of meetings and protests over poor living conditions at Tule Lake prompted the Army to impose martial law over the camp (www.tulelake.org/history.html)
Starting in 1974, Tule Lake was the site of several pilgrimages by activists calling for an official apology from the U.S. government. This Redress Movement culminated in the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. The pilgrimages, serving educational purposes, continue to this day.
On December 21, 2006 U.S. President George W. Bush signed H.R. 1492 into law guaranteeing $38,000,000 in federal money to restore the Tule Lake relocation center along with nine other former Japanese internment camps. "H.R. 1492". .
"The Climate of the Country" by Marnie Mueller. http://www.curbstone.org/bookdetail.cfm?BookID=67
Mitsuye Tsutsumi: 1920-2006Helped end internment in U.S.Japanese-American woman protested the legality of the World War II relocation camps and eventually the Supreme Court agreed with her argument.
Apr 25, 2006; Byline: Josh Noel Apr. 25--While interned in a relocation camp for Japanese-Americans in 1942, Mitsuye Tsutsumi filed a court...