Tuapse (Туапсе́; ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shore of the Black Sea, south of Gelendzhik and north of Sochi. It is the administrative center of Tuapsinsky District. Population: Tuapse is a sea port and the northern centre of a resort zone which extends south to Sochi.
Tuapse is a large centre (native land) for the Shapsugs tribe with other areas in Circassia, with about 10,000 speakers of the language living in Tuapse. The name of the town is itself Adyghe (tʷʼa.psə, or "two waters") since Tuapse was part of historical Circassia before the russian invasion to Caucasus, and it was occupied during the rule of Czar Alexander_I_of_Russia, from the period 1801-1825 , although it was also attested in early Greek sources as Topsida.
The modern settlement was founded in 1838 as the Russian fort of Velyaminovskoye. A year later, the Shapsugs regain and razed it (based on the russians story), but it was promptly rebuilt. During the Crimean War, the Ottomans seized the fort and held it for two years (1857-1859). Between 1875 and 1897 the village was known as Velyaminovsky Posad; it received municipal rights in 1916.
The Soviets developed Tuapse as an oil terminal and depot. An oil pipeline from Grozny and Maikop was in operation by 1928, designed by Vladimir Shukhov. An oil refinery dates from the same period. The German military during World War II attempted to seize its facilities during the Battle of the Caucasus, which caused major damage to the city.
The Russian Children Center Orlyonok (former All-Russian SFSR Young Pioneer camp) is located there. The world chess champion Vladimir Kramnik and 2005 Miss Universe winner, Natalie Glebova, were born in Tuapse.