Troy is a city in Lincoln County, Missouri, United States. The population was 6,737 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Lincoln County.
Troy is located at (38.974922, -90.977132). According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 5.9 square miles
), of which, 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²) of it is land and 0.17% is water.
As of the census
of 2005, there were 9,862 people, 2,521 households, and 1,747 families residing in the city. The population density
was 1,134.5 people per square mile (437.9/km²). There were 2,661 housing units at an average density of 448.1/sq mi (173.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.87% White
, 2.86% African American
, 0.39% Native American
, 0.13% Asian
, 0.01% Pacific Islander
, 0.80% from other races
, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.71% of the population.
There were 2,521 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,332, and the median income for a family was $46,818. Males had a median income of $34,750 versus $24,440 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,666. About 7.6% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.
Lincoln County Medical Center was established in Troy in 1953 under the federal Hill-Burton Memorial Hospitals Act, as Lincoln County Memorial Hospital, and has generally been the largest employer in the city. Troy is home to Cuivre River State Park
, one of the largest of Missouri's state parks.
Troy is home to Troy Buchanan High School
, part of the Lincoln County R-III School District