The treaty came into force on 25 April 1969, and has since been signed and ratified by all 33 nations of Latin America and the Caribbean. (Cuba was the last country to ratify, on 23 October 2002.) Under the treaty, the states' parties agree to prohibit and prevent the "testing, use, manufacture, production or acquisition by any means whatsoever of any nuclear weapons" and the "receipt, storage, installation, deployment and any form of possession of any nuclear weapons."
There are two additional protocols to the treaty: Protocol I binds those overseas countries with territories in the region (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands) to the terms of the treaty. Protocol II requires the world's declared nuclear weapons states to refrain from undermining in any way the nuclear-free status of the region; it has been signed and ratified by the USA, the UK, France, China, and Russia.
The treaty also provides for a comprehensive control and verification mechanism, overseen by the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL), based in Mexico City.
GLOBAL COMMUNITY SHOULD WORK TOWARDS WORLD FREE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, SAYS SECRETARY-GENERAL ON 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF TREATY OF TLATELOLCO
Feb 14, 2007; The United Nations Office of the Secretary General issued the text of the following statement: Following is UN Secretary-General...
CONFERENCE ON DISARMAMENT HEARS PRESENTATION FROM SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN LATIN AMERICA.
Jun 16, 2011; GENEVA, Switzerland -- The following information was released by the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG): The Conference on...