The Transitional Federal Parliament of the Somali Republic (Golaha Shacabka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ee Jamhuuriyada Soomaaliya; often Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya) is an interim Parliament of Somalia formed in neighbouring Kenya in 2004.
The Transitional Federal Parliament has 275 members, with each of Somalia's four major clans getting 61 seats in the parliament, while an alliance of minority clans was awarded 31 seats. The Charter also dictates that at least 12% of the Parliament shall be women (Article 29).
One of the formal de jure powers vested in the Parliament according to the Transitional Federal Charter (Article 5) is the governance and administration of Mogadishu as the capital city. However, in actuality this power de facto lies in the hands of particular warlords, many of whom are also members of parliament. De facto the state is in anomie with only loose governmental structures.
On February 26 2006 the parliament first met inside Somalia, in the city of Baidoa, 260 kilometers northwest of Mogadishu. 210 lawmakers of the 275-member parliament met in a grain warehouse temporarily converted into a meeting hall. For this reason the Transitional Federal Government is also sometimes referred to as simply the "Baidoa Government."
The Parliament as the legislative branch formed the executive branch, known as the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Somali Republic (Dowalada Federaalka Ku Meel gaarka ah ee Jamhuuriyada Soomaaliya) by electing Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as president of Somalia in 2004. He appointed a cabinet, headed by Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi.
The Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP), Transitional Federal Government (TFG), and the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC) collectively comprise the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFI) of the new Somali government. The TFG is the successor to the Transitional National Government (TNG) of 2000–2004.
|Position||Current or latest known officer|
|Speaker||Sheikh Adan Madobe (elected January 21, 2007)|
|Deputy Speaker||Osman Elmi Boqore|
The four "major" clans are the Hawiye, Rahanweyn, Dir and Darod. The "minor" fifth clan, called "the fifth", includes, but is not limited to, other ethnically Somali clans such as Midgan, Tumal, and Yibir, and other non-ethnically Somali people, such as Eyle, Bantu (Jareerweyne), Reer Hamar, Bravanese and other Benadiri people, and Bajuni.
The transitional Somali parliament has 275 representatives. Thus each major clan has 61 seats and the minor clans have 31 seats to share among themselves. This formula has been widely condemned as being unfair and ineffective by both the intellectual and religious Somali communities.
Chapter 9 of the Charter defines the scope and powers of the federal judiciary. Until its broader adoption, many de facto decisions were or still are made by local tribal meetings, or, during 2006, by the sharia courts organized by the Islamic Courts Union.
The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Republic of Somalia has had a tumultuous history. It is the most recent attempt to restore national institutions to Somalia after the 1991 downfall of Siad Barre and the ensuing Somali Civil War. The country has been run for more than a decade by tribal factions and warlords.
SECURITY COUNCIL REAFFIRMS COMMITMENT TO COMPREHENSIVE SOMALIA SETTLEMENT; WELCOMES 'ADEN DECLARATION', FIRST SESSION OF TRANSITIONAL PARLIAMENT
Mar 15, 2006; The United Nations issued the following press release: The Security Council today reaffirmed its commitment to a comprehensive...
SECURITY COUNCIL EXPRESSES SUPPORT FOR SOMALIA'S TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT, PARLIAMENT; SAYS PREPARED TO CONSIDER EXEMPTION TO 1992 ARMS EMBARGO
Jul 13, 2006; The United Nations issued the following press release: The Security Council this afternoon expressed its support for the...
Developing a coordinated and sustainable United States strategy toward Somalia.(LEGISLATION AND POLICY)(Excerpt)
Nov 01, 2009; [The following are excerpts from testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations' Subcommittee on African Affairs...