On April 21, 1975, Thiệu resigned and handed the presidency to Hương. On April 28, 1975, after one week as president, Trần Văn Hương resigned and handed power over to General Dương Văn Minh, who presided over the surrender of the government two days later.
Trần Văn Hương was placed under house arrest by the Communist regime. When deemed adequately reformed in 1977 his civil rights were restored but he declined. Instead, he asked for all officials of the ARVN to be released from prison before he would take his place among the freed. His request was ignored. The former president died quietly in his own home.