was a municipality in Japan. It existed from May 1, 1889 to July 1, 1943, when it was merged with Tokyo Prefecture to form the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. The historical boundaries of Tokyo City are now occupied by the 23 special wards. They form the eastern portion of the mainland part of present-day Tokyo.
Some people still use the name to refer collectively to the 23 special wards. The wards do not share a mayor or a city council, but rather function as separate municipalities under the metropolitan government, that is, Tokyo.
In 1868, the medieval city Edo, seat of the Tokugawa government, was renamed Tokyo, the Eastern Capital. Then, the offices of Tokyo Prefecture (-fu) were opened. The extent of Tokyo Prefecture was initially limited to the former Edo city (15 wards listed below), but rapidly augumented to be comparable with the present Tokyo Metropolis.
In 1878, 15 wards and 6 districts were placed under Tokyo Prefecture. Wards were placed in the former Edo city.
In 1889, Tokyo City (-shi) was formed with these 15 wards.
In 1932, Tokyo City was augmented with 20 wards from surrounding districts.
From Ebara District:
From Toyotama District:
From Kita-Toshima District:
From Adachi District:
From Minami-Katsushika District:
In 1943, Tokyo City and Tokyo Prefecture were united into Tokyo Metropolis (-to). The previous wards became directly administered by the Metropolis. Tokyo ceased to be the name of a city at that time.
In 1947, Tokyo Metropolis was reformed with the same status as the other prefectures, while retaining its name and subtle speciality. The previous wards were merged into 22. They each received a status comparable to that of a city.
Until 1947, people in Tokyo City had limited local government compared to counterparts in other areas of Japan.