is a city located in the Thiès Region
Tivaouane was part of the Wolof
kingdom of Cayor
, and was at one time it's capital. It was first described to Europeans in the 15th century by Venitian
explorer Luigi Cada-Mosto
In 1904, it was the fifth largest city in Sénégal after Saint-Louis, Dakar, Rufisque and Gorée.
It is also the capital of the Tijaniyya Sufi brotherhood. Each week, followers come to visit the tombs of religious leaders, especially that of El-Hadji Malick Sy. Visitors flock each year to celebrate the birth of the prophet Muhammad in a festival called the Maouloud (or Gamou, in Wolof).
The influence of the Muslim brotherhoods of Senegal helps to explain the dramatic demographic growth of the city, which had a population of less than 7900 in 1960.
In 2003, the mausoleum of El-Hadji Malick Sy, the mosque of Serigne Babacar Sy and the railway station were added to the list of Senegalese historic monuments.
Tivaouane is the capital of the Tivaouane Department
in the région de Thiès
Tivaouane is a regional transport hub, where the route nationale n° 2
and Saint-Louis passes near Thiès
The nearest small towns are Yendam, Keur Massamba Daguene, Selko, Ndiagane, Keur Assane, Ndiassane et Sintiou Pir.
Between the censue of 1988 and 2002, Tivaouane grew from 27,117 to 38,213 inhabitants.
In 2007, according to official estimates, the population has grown to 39,766, which makes it the 15th largest city in Senegal.
Wolofs are the largest ethnic group in the area.
Tivaouane is in an agricultural region, at the heart of the bassin arachidier
of Arachide oil
(Peanut oil) production.
Catering to religious gatherings and celebrations also plays a great role in the economy.
- Translation of Fr:Wikipedia Article
- Aboubacar Diaw Seydi, L’évolution de la population de Tivaouane depuis le début du siècle, Dakar, Université de Dakar, 1988, 3 + 94 p. + 8 p. (Mémoire de Maîtrise de géographie)
- Cheikh Tidiane Fall, El Hadji Malick Sy à Tivaouane de 1902 à 1922, Dakar, Université de Dakar, 1986, 92 p. (Mémoire de Maîtrise)