Tin Shui Wai New Town (天水圍新市鎮) is located in northwestern New Territories of Hong Kong. It is a part of the Yuen Long District, and is the second new town in Yuen Long. It is situated 25 kilometres due north-west of Central, Hong Kong on land reclaimed from low lying areas south of Deep Bay. As of 2007, the New Town has a population of 268,800.
The Government was accused by the developers of stalling the release of land for political reasons. Tin Shui Wai Developments, a company 51% owned by China Resources and 49% by Cheung Kong Holdings, sued the Government for damages caused by delays in handing over 388,000 m² of land for development originally promised for 1985. The land was eventually handed over in May 1989
People started occupying the new town as of 1991. The Housing Association launched 6,459 Home Ownership Scheme flats in the in the area at steep discounts to an adjacent private estate, and attracted some 90,000 applications.
Tin Shui Wai consists of both public and private housing estates. Tin Wah Road separates the south and the north development zones of Tin Shui Wai. The south development zone first started in the late 1980s, and has since become a unique community. Since Tin Shui Wai was planned and developed from scratch, locals enjoy wider walkways and larger open areas when compared to other urban developments in Hong Kong.
Following the completion of the north development zone, the government planned to build 85,000 units and apartments annually in Hong Kong. As such, the north development zone has residential apartment buildings that are generally taller and denser than those in the south zone. The population of Tin Shui Wai rose rapidly over the last part of the century, but has since stabilised. The government has been criticised for maintaining insufficient level of services and facilities to meet the rapid population growth in Tin Shui Wai.
In 2003, a mainland woman, who had sought help from both social services and the police, and her twin daughters were stabbed to death by her husband who then fatally wounded himself.
In April 2004, a man killed himself after stabbing his 31-year-old mainland wife and two teenage daughters to death in their flat in Tin Shui Wai.
In July 2006, the Director of Social Welfare, Mrs Carrie Lam, labelled Tin Shui Wai "City of Misery" (悲情城市). Lam's comment was criticised because it did nothing to solve the social problem within the town
In October 2007, Mak Fu-tai, a 36-year-old woman suffering from mental illness bound the hands and feet of her 12-year-old daughter and nine-year-old son, and threw them out of a window in their 24th floor flat at Yiu Fung House, and then jumped to her death. Mak's husband, also with a history of mental illness, was hospitalised with terminal cancer. The deaths spurred a review of the inadequate social services provision. This spurred some 20 non-governmental organizations to plead with the Legislative Council's welfare panel for more resources to deal with the problems there.
On November 25, 2007, numerous residents rallied outside government headquarters to push for more aid and reform for the area. Many demanded the government to create new hospitals, jobs, and increase police enforcement in the town.
香港潮陽小學 潮陽百欣小學 中華基督教會方潤華小學 金巴崙長老會耀道小學 中華基督教青年會小學 香港青年協會李兆基小學 宣道會葉紹蔭紀念小學 香港學生輔助會小學 嗇色園主辦可銘學校 樂善堂梁銶琚學校 樂善堂梁銶琚學校（分校） 獅子會何德心小學 伊利沙伯中學舊生會小學 伊利沙伯中學舊生會小學(分校) 聖公會天水圍靈愛小學 順德聯誼總會伍冕端小學 十八鄉鄉事委員會公益社小學 東華三院李東海小學 東華三院姚達之紀念小學 天水圍天主教小學 天水圍官立小學 天水圍循道衛理小學 香港普通話研習社科技創意小學 元朗公立中學校友會英業小學 和富慈善基金李宗德小學 激活英文小學
佛教茂峰法師紀念中學 中華基督教會方潤華中學 中華基督教青年會中學 香港中文大學校友會聯會張煊昌中學 天水圍香島中學 香港青年協會李兆基書院 裘錦秋中學(元朗) 妙法寺陳呂重德紀念中學 伯裘書院 天主教培聖中學 伊利沙伯中學舊生會中學 伊利沙伯中學舊生會湯國華中學 順德聯誼總會翁祐中學 十八鄉鄉事委員會公益社中學 香港管理專業協會羅桂祥中學 賽馬會毅智書院 天水圍官立中學 天水圍循道衛理中學 東華三院郭一葦中學 元朗公立中學校友會鄧兆棠中學 元朗信義中學
The district is also served by the MTR Light Rail, Tin Shui Wai West Rail station serving as the main interchange point for the local branch of this network, which runs in a circle around Tin Shui Wai proper. The light rail network, in conjunction with the West Rail line, connects the townships of Tuen Mun and Yuen Long.
A well-developed bus network is also an important transport element in Tin Shui Wai, with buses running to most major destinations in Hong Kong.