Timothy Ware (born 1934), also known as His Excellency, the Most Reverend Metropolitan Kallistos of Diokleia, is a titular Metropolitan of the Eastern / Greek Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarchate.
From 1966 to 2001, he was Spalding Lecturer of Eastern Orthodox Studies at Oxford University, and has authored numerous books and articles pertaining to the Orthodox Christian faith.
Early Life and Ordination
Born Timothy Ware
, Metropolitan Kallistos was educated at Westminster School
(to which he had won a scholarship) and Magdalen College, Oxford
, where he took a Double First in Classics as well as reading Theology. In 1958
, at the age of 24, he embraced the Orthodox Christian faith (having been raised Anglican
), traveling subsequently throughout Greece
, spending a great deal of time at the Monastery of St John the Theologian
. He also frequented other major centers of Orthodoxy such as Jerusalem
and Mount Athos
. In 1966 he was ordained
to the priesthood
and was tonsured
as a monk
, receiving the name Kallistos
Professional / Academic Life
In the same year, he became a lecturer at Oxford
, teaching Eastern Orthodox Studies, a position which he held for 35 years until his retirement. In 1979
, he was appointed to a Fellowship
at Pembroke College
, Oxford, and in 1982
he was consecrated
to the episcopacy
as an auxiliary bishop
with the title Bishop of Diokleia
, appointed to serve as the assistant to the bishop of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
's Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain
. Despite his elevation, Kallistos remained in Oxford and carried on his duties both as the parish priest of the Oxford Greek Orthodox community and as a lecturer at the University.
Since his retirement in 2001, Metropolitan Kallistos has continued to publish and to give lectures on Orthodox Christianity, traveling widely. Until recently, he was the chairman of the board of directors of the Institute for Orthodox Christian Studies in Cambridge. He is the chairman of the group Friends of Orthodoxy on Ionaand of the Friends of Mount Athos.
On 30 March 2007, the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, on account of his appointment as Chairman of the Anglican-Orthodox Theological Commission, elevated the Diocese of Diokleia to a Metropolis and thus Bishop Kallistos became a titular Metropolitan.
Since 2006, Bishop Kallistos has become very close to the Moscow Patriarchate's Diocese of Sourozh in Great Britain.
, notwithstanding the departure of over half the clergy and laity of that Diocese to the Episcopal Vicariate of Great Britain and Ireland
headed by Bishop Basil of Amphipolis
, who, like Metropolitan Kallistos himself, serves in Oxford.
Metropolitan Kallistos' support for the Russian Orthodox Diocese of Sourozh has brought tension with the Patriarchate of Constantinople, to which he owes his canonical obedience. In May 2008, he was expressly forbidden from attending and speaking at the annual conference of that Diocese.
Controversy over Interview at Lambeth Conference
In an interview given at the Lambeth Conference 2008 to the Prayer Book Societies , Metropolitan Kallistos referred to the possibility that the decisions of Anglican Churches on the ordination of women priests and bishops, and the blessing of same-sex relationships, might be seen as "prophetic" for the rest of Christendom". This has attracted considerable criticism from both Orthodox and Anglican sources
Metropolitan Kallistos is perhaps best known as the author of the book The Orthodox Church
, published when he was a layman in 1963
and subsequently revised several times. More recently, he produced a companion volume, The Orthodox Way
. But his most substantial publications have emerged from his translation work. Together with G. E. Palmer
and Philip Sherrard
), he has undertaken to translate the Philokalia
(four volumes of five published to date, but no progress has been made with the fifth volume for thirteen years now); and with Mother Mary he produced the Lenten Triodion
and Festal Menaion
- The Orthodox Church, 2nd ed. (Pelican, 1993 ISBN 0-14-014656-3)
- The Orthodox Way (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1995, ISBN 0-913836-58-3)
- The Lenten Triodion, Tr. Mother Mary and Archimandrite Kallistos Ware (St. Tikhon's Seminary Press, 2002, ISBN 1-878997-51-3) - first published by Faber and Faber Ltd., 1978
- The Inner Kingdom: Collected Works, Vol. 1 (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2000, ISBN 0-88141-209-0)
- In the Image of the Trinity: Collected Works, Vol. 2 (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2006, ISBN 0-88141-225-2)
- Communion and Intercommunion (Light & Life, 1980, ISBN 0-937032-20-4)
- How Are We Saved?: The Understanding of Salvation in the Orthodox Tradition (Light & Life, 1996, ISBN 1-880971-22-4)
- Praying with Orthodox Tradition (Abingdon, 1990, ISBN 0-281-04431-7)
- Eustratios Argenti: A Study of the Greek Church under Turkish Rule (Clarendon, 1964, ASIN B0006BMI94)
He has also co-authored, edited, and translated many other works.