Ticinese (ticines, ticinées) is a comprehensive denomination for the varieties of Western Lombard language spoken in Canton Ticino (Tessin).The term Ticinesi refers to the citizens of Ticino or speakers of the language.
The Ticinese koiné (Italian: koinè ticinese) is the Western Lombard koiné used by speakers of local dialects (particularly those diverging from the koinè itself, as e.g. Leventinese, etc.) when communicating with speakers of other Western Lombard dialects of Ticino, the Grisons or Italian Lombardy.
The Ticinese dialect has adopted many terms from the French,Swiss German, and Rumantsch regions of Switzerland and often bears Swiss German spelling. Consequently, Swiss cities, regions, food and cultural icons have an Italian translation unlike many other languages not recognized by the Swiss government eg. Canton Zug is known as Zoug in French and Zugo in Italian, but remains Zug in Spanish, English, and Portuguese. Speakers of Lombard and Italian will often have trouble understanding these adopted words as they are of other linguistic origins. Many Italian native speakers of non-Ticino or Graubünden/Grisons origin often find themselves ostracized at social events as they cannot understand Ticinese. Many Ticinese speakers will use the dialect as a means to keep the message hidden.
Examples of Ticinese:
German Origins= G.O. French Origins= F.O.
|Good Morning/Good Afternoon||Bon Di!||Buon Giorno|
|To be (verb)||èssa||Essere|
|Cell phone||Natel, Händi (G.O.)||Telefonino|
|Before, First||Evant (F.O.)||Prima|
|Stop!||Halt! (G.O.)||Ferma! Fermati!|
|Cologne||Aqua d'uduu||Profumo, Acqua di Colonia|
|Sankt Gallen Resident||San Gallo||San Gallese|
Expressions and Idioms
|Sausages of known quality||Lüganich da scépa||Salsicce di infima qualità|
|To be naive||Beev l'acua dal cudee||Credere a tutto ed a tutti|
|One makes nothing out of nothing||chi gha al goss al gha quaicoss, se l gha nagoott al gha al goss da carez||Con niente si fa nulla|
Some video and audio documents (interviews, recordings, etc. of writers from Ticino) in Ticinese varieties can be found at the following site: RTSI: Acquarelli popolari (please notice that the metalanguage of this site is Italian, and that some of the interviews are in Italian rather than in Ticinese Lombard).
A Ticinese Flair for Life : Although the Canton of Ticino Is Officially Part of Switzerland, Its Architecture, Food, Language, and Attitudes Testify to the Region's Italian Character
Apr 01, 2000; Mediterranean, sunny, and imperfect may not be the ideal adjectives to describe Switzerland, but they are more than fitting to...
Where everybody knows your name: Lugano's only Irish pub has undergone a facelift to suit a broader clientele, while retaining the charm that has made it a favourite hangout for university students and Ticinese alike.(EXPAT PROFILE)
Aug 01, 2008; [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] "Dude, the pub's all different now!" It was a few days into the spring semester and I was on the phone...
Springtime in Ticino: Ticino is the only Swiss canton that lies entirely south of the Alps. That means it has a milder climate, heavily influenced by the gentleness of the Mediterranean. Spring comes much earlier to Ticino than it does up north, meaning that the Ticinese get into the springtime swing of things earlier than the rest of us.
Mar 01, 2005; For those of us in the Swiss lowlands, Old Man Winter is slowly but surely loosening his grip. While there may still be the...