Thomson Reuters is an information company created by The Thomson Corporation's purchase of Reuters on 17 April 2008. It is a constituent of both the U.K.'s FTSE 100 Index and Canada's S&P/TSX 60 index.
The Thomson Corporation
The Company was founded by Roy Herbert Thomson
in 1934 in Ontario
as the publisher
of The Timmins Daily Press
. In 1953 Thomson acquired The Scotsman
newspaper and moved to Scotland
the following year. He consolidated his media position in Scotland
in 1957 when he won the franchise
for Scottish Television
. In 1959 he bought the Kemsley Group
giving him control of the Sunday Times
. He separately acquired The Times
in 1967. He moved into the airline business in 1965 when he acquired Britannia Airways
and into oil and gas exploration in 1971 when he participated in a consortium to exploit reserves in the North Sea
. In the 1970's, following the death of Lord Thomson
, the Company withdrew from media selling The Times
, the Sunday Times
and Scottish Television
and instead moved into publishing buying Sweet & Maxwell
in 1987. In 1989 Thomson Newspapers was merged with The Thomson Corporation. In 1996 The Thomson Corporation effectively doubled its size and ensured future profitability by purchasing West Publishing
, the preeminent purveyor of legal research and solutions including Westlaw
The Company was founded by Paul Julius Reuter
in 1851 in London
as a business transmitting stock market quotations. Reuter set up his "Submarine Telegraph" office in October 1851 and negotiated a contract with the London Stock Exchange
to provide stock prices from the continental exchanges in return for access to London prices, which he then supplied to stockbrokers in Paris
. In 1865 Reuters was the first organization to report the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
. The Company was involved in developing the use of radio
in 1923. It was acquired by the British National & Provincial Press
in 1941 and first listed on the London Stock Exchange
in 1984. Reuters began to grow rapidly in the 1980s, widening the range of its business products and expanding its global reporting network for media, financial and economic services: key product launches included Equities 2000 (1987), Dealing 2000-2 (1992), Business Briefing (1994), Reuters Television for the financial markets (1994), 3000 Series (1996) and the Reuters 3000 Xtra service (1999).
The merger between Thomson and Reuters was completed in April 2008. Thomson Reuters brands include Sweet & Maxwell
in the UK and West Publishing
in North America. Reuters
are global brands.
In June 2008 the Company announced that it would be launching a News channel to rival Bloomberg
Thomson Reuters is a dual-listed company, consisting of Thomson Reuters Corporation, a Canadian company, and Thomson Reuters PLC, a UK company. The Woodbridge Company, a holding company for the Thomson family, owns 53% of Thomson Reuters.
The chief executive officer of the combined company is Tom Glocer, who was the chief executive of Reuters, and the chairman is David Thomson, who was the chairman of Thomson.
The Company is organised into the following businesses:
Market position and antitrust review
The transaction was reviewed by the U.S. Department of Justice
and by the European Commission
. On February 19, 2008, both the Department of Justice and the Commission cleared the transaction subject to minor divestments. The Department of Justice required the parties to sell copies of the data contained in the following products: Thomson's WorldScope, a global fundamentals product; Reuters Estimates, an earnings estimates product; and Reuters Aftermarket (Embargoed) Research Database, an analyst research distribution product. The proposed settlement further requires the licensing of related intellectual property, access to personnel, and transitional support to ensure that the buyer of each set of data can continue to update its database so as to continue to offer users a viable and competitive product. The European Commission imposed similar divestments: according to the Commission's press release, "the parties committed to divest the databases containing the content sets of such financial information products, together with relevant assets, personnel and customer base as appropriate to allow purchasers of the databases and assets to quickly establish themselves as a credible competitive force in the marketplace in competition with the merged entity, re-establishing the pre-merger rivalry in the respective fields.
These remedies are viewed as very minor given the scope of the transaction. According to the Financial Times, "the remedy proposed by the competition authorities will affect no more than $25m of the new Thomson Reuters group’s $13bn-plus combined revenues.
The transaction has also been cleared by the Canadian Competition Bureau.
Historically, no single individual has been permitted to own more than 15% of Reuters, under the first of the Reuters Principles, which states that "Reuters shall at no time pass into the hands of any one interest, group or faction. However, that restriction was waived for the purchase by Thomson, whose family holding company, The Woodbridge Company, will end up owning 53% of the enlarged business. Robert Peston, business editor at BBC News, stated that this has worried Reuters journalists, both because they are concerned that Reuters' journalism business will be marginalized by the financial data provision business of the combined company, and because of the threat to Reuters' reputation for unbiased journalism by the appearance of one majority shareholder. Pehr Gyllenhammar, chairman of the Reuters Founders Share Company, explained that the Reuters Trust's First Principle had been waived for the Thomson family because of the poor financial circumstances that Reuters had been in, stating that "The future of Reuters takes precedence over the principles. If Reuters were not strong enough to continue on its own, the principles would have no meaning." He stated, not having met David Thomson but having discussed the matter with Geoff Beattie the president of Woodbridge, that the Thomson family had agreed to vote as directed by the Reuters Founders Share Company on any matter that the trustees deem to threaten the five principles of the Reuters Trust. Woodbridge will be allowed an exemption from the First Principle as long as it remains controlled by the Thomson family.