Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester

Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester (1343 – July 23, 1403) was an English medieval nobleman best known for taking part in the rebellion of his nephew Henry Percy, known as 'Harry Hotspur'.


He was the younger son of Henry Percy, 3rd Lord Percy, and Mary Plantagenet, daughter of Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, son Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, son of Henry III of England. Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland was his elder brother, and Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy was his nephew.

High offices

Worcester fought against England's traditional enemy France in the Hundred Years' War, and then served in various important governing posts in English-controlled France, as Ambassador, Seneschal and as an Admiral. He was created Earl of Worcester in 1397 by King Richard II.

Close to the Crown

Along with his brother and nephew, he took part in Henry IV's deposition of Richard II, and later, in turn, in their own subsequent rebellion against King Henry IV.

Capture and execution

He was captured at the Battle of Shrewsbury and publicly beheaded in Shrewsbury two days later, on 23 July 1403. He was buried in St. Peter's, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. His head was displayed in London on London Bridge.

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