Parsons, Theophilus, 1750-1813, American jurist, b. Byfield, Mass. One of the leading lawyers in New England, he was an outstanding member of the Essex Junto, which opposed (1778) the state constitution as framed by the legislature. As a delegate to the subsequent state constitutional convention (1780) he helped to frame a new constitution. A supporter of the Constitution of the United States, he urged its ratification by Massachusetts (1788). He was chief justice of Massachusetts from 1806 until his death. His son Theophilus Parsons, 1797-1882, also a lawyer, was born in Newburyport, Mass. A professor of law at Harvard, he wrote many law manuals. He was converted to Swedenborgianism and wrote several religious works.
Eaton, Theophilus, 1590-1658, Puritan leader in Connecticut, one of the founders of New Haven, b. Buckinghamshire, England. A member of the London congregation of John Davenport, he was interested in the Massachusetts Bay Company and other Puritan colonial ventures. In 1637 he went with Davenport and others to Boston, and later that year he led an exploring party that chose the site of a new colony. A small band was left to winter there, and the next spring settlers came, and New Haven was founded. Eaton was the governor and a leading figure of the New Haven colony until his death and was supposedly the chief drafter of the law code of 1656. He was much interested in trade and promoted the unsuccessful attempts of New Haven to found a colony on the Delaware.
Theophilus, person to whom St. Luke's Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles are addressed.
Various people have been known by the name Theophilus or Theophilos, which means "Friend of God" in Greek, and is thus similar to the Latin word Amadeus




  • Theophilus P. Wildebeeste, a character created by Lenny Henry




  • Theophilus H. Holmes (1804–1880), career U.S. Army officer and a Confederate general in the American Civil War
  • Theophilus Weeks (1708–1772), soldier in the French and Indian War






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