The Texas National Guard comprises both Army and Air National Guard components. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress.
The Texas Army National Guard is composed of approximately 15,000 soldiers, and maintains 117 armories in 102 communities. When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."
The Governor may call individuals or units of the Texas National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law." The Texas Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.
Texas Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Texas Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Texas.
The State Defense force, the Texas State Guard is a military entity authorized by both the State Code of Texas, U.S. Code and executive order. The Texas State Guard (TXSG) is the state’s authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the Texas National Guard in the event the Guard is mobilized. The TXSG is mostly composed of retired and former active, guard and reserve military personnel and selected professional persons who volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state.
See History of the United States National Guard for a more complete history of the guard at a national level.
Rep. Lampson Introduces Resolution Commending 1st-149th Attack Reconnaissance Battalion of Texas Army National Guard
Oct 15, 2007; WASHINGTON, Oct. 15 -- Rep. Nick Lampson, D-Texas, has introduced a resolution (H.Res. 729) "commending the 1st-149th Attack...