Tbilisi Ivane Javakhishvili State University, better known as Tbilisi State University (TSU), (თბილისის ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი) is a university established on 8 February, 1918 in Tbilisi, Georgia. TSU is the oldest university in the whole Caucasus region. Over 35,000 students are enrolled and the total number of faculty and staff (collaborators) is approximately 5,000.
The University has five branches in different regions of Georgia, 6 faculties, approximately 60 scientific-research laboratories and centers, a scientific library (with more than 3,700,000 books and periodicals), 7 museums, and a publishing house and printing press (for their newspaper, "Tbilisis Universiteti").
TSU has close scientific and educational contacts with many universities and centers from various countries, including the United States, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Turkey, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Poland, Iran, Ukraine, and Russia.
In 1917 was created by the Society for Founding of the Tbilisi University.
The main founder of the University was a well-known Georgian historian and academic, Ivane Javakhishvili. Several noted scientists - Giorgi Akhvlediani, Shalva Nutsubidze, Dimitri Uznadze, Grigol Tsereteli, Akaki Shanidze, Andria Razmadze, Ioseb Kipshidze, Petre Melikishvili and Ekvtime Takaishvili were also co-founders. Professor Petre Melikishvili, a well-known Georgian chemist, was chosen the first rector of TSU.
In 1991 Roin Metreveli was appointed as Rector of Tbilisi State University. In 1992 through his hard work and pressure, Tbilisi State University regained their status as automomus institution, what was lost Since 1926. From that moment when Tbilisi State University became Autonomous, Great Scientific Council was reenstated and this council had to chose new executive. In April 1992 new council elected Roin Metreveli as Rector of Tbilisi State University. He was the first elected rector after great Petre Melikishvili and Ivane Javakhishvili.
During the Rose Revolution of November 2003, groups of Tbilisi State University students were particularly active in movement leadership.
The Rector of TSU since 2006 is Prof. Giorgi Khubua.
Nowadays, TSU includes 6 faculties: Law, Economics and Business, Humanities, Medicine, Social and Political Sciences, Exact and Natural Sciences.