A tandoor is a cylindrical clay oven used in cooking and baking. The Tandoor originated from Afghanistan and was introduced by the ruling Moguls to the Indian subcontinent, including the area now called Pakistan and most of northern India. The tandoor is used for cooking in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Transcaucasus, the Balkans, the Middle East, Central Asia and Bangladesh.
The food is cooked over a hot charcoal fire or wooden fire . Temperatures in a tandoor can approach 480°C (900°F), and it is common for tandoor ovens to remain lit for long periods of time to maintain the high cooking temperature. The tandoor design is something of a transitional form between a makeshift earth oven and the horizontal-plan masonry oven, and is used almost exclusively for live-fire, radiant heat cooking.
Tandoor is used for cooking certain types of Afghani and Indian food such as tandoori chicken, chicken tikka and bread varieties like tandoori roti and naan. The word tandoori is the adjective form of a dish cooked in a tandoor. In India, the tandoor is also known by another name of bhatti. The Bhatti tribe of the Thar Desert of Northwestern India and Eastern Pakistan developed the Bhatti in their desert abode, and thus it gained the name. It is thought to have travelled to Central Asia and the Middle East along with the Roma, who originated amongst the Thar Desert tribes. The tandoor is currently a very important fixture in many Indian restaurants around the world. Some modern day tandoors use electricity or gas instead of charcoal. In Armenia, It is known as a tonir which is a widely used method of cooking barbecue and lavash bread. In Georgia it is called a tone and is used for bread and kebab.
Chicken tikka (मुर्ग़ टिक्का / murgh tikka ) is a South Asian dish made by grilling small pieces of chicken which have been marinated in spices and yogurt. It is traditionally cooked upon skewers in a tandoor and is usually boneless. It is normally served and eaten with a green coriander chutney, or used in preparing the curry Chicken Tikka Masala.
Tandoori Chicken is a Punjabi dish dating back to the time of the Mughal Empire in Central and Southern Asia, it is still popular throughout that area. The chicken is marinated in a yogurt seasoned with garam masala, garlic, ginger, cumin, cayenne pepper, and other spices depending on the recipe. Cayenne, red chili powder, or other spices give the typical red color. Turmeric produces a yellow-orange color. In some modern versions red and yellow food coloring is used instead. It is traditionally cooked at high temperatures in an earthen oven (i.e. tandoor), but can also be prepared on a traditional grill.
In many Indian restaurants red Tandoori chicken is served with sliced onions and wedges of fresh lemon or lime. India's version of barbecued chicken, Tandoori chicken is one of the most popular delicacies stemming from the North of India and has undergone years of perfection.