: تفرش) is a city in Markazi
, 222 km southwest of Tehran
, located amidst high mountains. Tafresh is an old city and formed a Zoroastrian
stronghold for many years.
Tafresh provided Iran with many notable figures such as ministers, statesmen, scientists, calligraphers etc. Professor Mahmoud Hessaby, the father of modern physics in Iran, Ahmad Parsa, the father of Iranian botanics, Abbas Sahab, the father of Iranian geography and Abdolkarim Qarib, the father of Iran's geology, were all Tafreshi. Because of this, Tafresh has received the nickname "City of Iran's Fathers".
It is believed that in Sassanian times
was the state religion and was threated by Islam
, an army warrior called Delaram
made a resistance force for the Zoroastrians
in Tafresh. One of the villages in Tafresh was called Delaram after this army warrior, however after Islamic conquest of Persia
, the name Teraran
was given to it. Teraran
means 'The Thieves' in Middle Persian
Today there are still many ramaning of zoroastrian storngholds in and around the town , particullay on the summits of the surrouding montains and hills also remaining of the Zoroastrians graveyards can be seen at Tafresh.
Three universities are situated in Tafresh, namely the Tafresh branch of the Amirkabir University of Technology, Tafresh Azad University and the Tafresh branch of the Payame Noor University. Tafresh City is situated in Tafresh Township.
Although many people live in Tafresh, its numbers are decreasing as many leave Tafresh to go and live in Tehran
or other main cities of Iran
. Some of the summer resorts around Tafresh are Teraran
(Delaram), Shahchenar and Naqusan. The Ab Garrau
spa is a touristic place around Tafresh. Tourists of the villages usually visit them in the summer.