is a city
located in western Tokyo
As of 2004, the city has an estimated population of 174,605 and the density of 7,976 people per km². The total area is 24.38 km². Showa Memorial Park, an expansive leisure and recreational facility operated by the national government, occupies 1.49 square kilometres of land that was formerly part of Tachikawa Air Base in Tachikawa and neighboring Akishima.
The city was founded on December 1, 1940.
Tachikawa is about 40km west of the center of Tokyo. Kunitachi
, and Kodaira
are east of Tachikawa, Higashiyamato
, and Musashimurayama
are north of Tachikawa, Fussa
, and Akishima
west of Tachikawa, and Hino
to the south.
Tachikawa is on the JR Chūō Line
. Trains traveling west from Tokyo Station
stop at Tachikawa Station
before continuing to Hachiōji
. The JR Ome Line
and Itsukaichi Line
also serve the city, stopping at Tachikawa and Nishi Tachikawa stations. The Nambu Line
links Tachikawa and Kawasaki
, following the Tama River
The Tama Toshi Monorail Line carries traffic north and south from Tachikawa. Several stations are in the city, and Tachikawa Minami and Tachikawa Kita stations flank JR Tachikawa Station. On a clear day, the monorail offers spectacular views of Mt. Fuji and the Tama region.
National Route 20, the Kōshū Kaidō, carries automobile and truck traffic through Tachikawa in the east-west direction.
Bus service links Tachikawa and the major airports in the region, Haneda and Narita.
The Tama River flows between Tachikawa and Hino.
Tamagawa-jousui (Tamagawa water supply) flows north of town, a great promenade is located on both banks. Tamagawa-jousui is also the name of a station.
Points of interest
The area around the Tachikawa JR train station features several large department stores, including Lumine
, and Takashimaya
as well as one of the newest and largest cinemas in the Tokyo area. Numerous restaurants, izakaya
, bars, and pubs are located on both the north and south sides of the station. In recent years a thriving red-light district
has emerged on the south side of the station. This district is large enough that many locals now refer to it as the "mini-Kabukichō
" after the famous cabaret district of Shinjuku
. Also located near the train station is a large keirinjou (競輪場), or bicycle racetrack, in which spectators place wagers on the results of bicycle races, much as in horse racing. Finally, the honbu
of Satojuku, a significant style of karate with origins in Kyokushinkai
is located on the south side of the station.
The alternate center for Japan's national government is located on a portion of what used to be Tachikawa Air Base. The center includes offices, communications and control centers, and a hospital. The center is for the national government to use if forced to relocate or as a command center to direct a response to a significant national disaster or emergency.
Primary and secondary schools
Tachikawa operates its public elementary and junior high schools.
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates public high schools:
In addition the metropolis operates the Tachikawa International Secondary Education School
The Tokyo Metropolitan Library
Tama Library opened in Tachikawa in 1987
to relieve municipal libraries.
Tachikawa is also a sister city
to San Bernardino, California
. In addition, it participates in a high school
exchange program with San Bernardino.