TSV 1860 München, commonly known as 1860 Munich is a German sports club based in Munich, Bavaria. The club's football team currently plays in the Second Bundesliga, after relegation from the Bundesliga following the 2003-04 season. The club was one of the founding members of the Bundesliga in 1963 and has played a total of 20 seasons in the top flight.
See also: 1860 in football (soccer).
In 1933 German football was re-organized under the Third Reich into sixteen top-flight divisions known as Gauligen. TSV joined the Gauliga Bayern where they earned second place finishes in 1934, 1938, and 1939, before finally capturing a division championship in 1941. Their subsequent playoff appearance saw München finish second in their pool to finalist Rapid Wien. The following season they failed to advance to the national playoff rounds, but did go on to earn their first major honours by defeating Schalke 04 to capture the Tschammerpokal, known today as the German Cup. TSV returned to the national playoffs again in 1943, progressing to the quarterfinals.
Under the heavy-handed, dictatorial leadership of Wildmoser and Lorant, the combination of proven veterans and young talent helped the club avoid relegation and become a decent mid-table side. 1860 earned a fourth place Bundesliga finish in 2000 and were entered into the Champions League 3rd qualifying round where they faced Leeds United, however a 3-1 aggregate defeat saw them play in the UEFA Cup that season, advancing to the third round where they were put out by AC Parma. However, the club was unable to build on this success and after some mediocre performances by the team, manager Lorant was fired.
After a decade in the top division, 1860 spectacularly burnt out in the 2003-04 season with a 17th place finish that returned the club to the 2.Bundesliga. Wildmoser made the extremely controversial decision to co-habitate with hated rivals Bayern Munich in the Allianz Arena, a move that outraged fans and led to accusations of a sell-out. His downfall came when he and his son Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Jr. were caught in a bribery scandal around the awarding procedure for the contract to build the stadium.
In addition to flirting with relegation to the Regionalliga Süd (III) in the 2005-06 season, 1860 experienced severe financial difficulties. Stadium partner Bayern Munich bought out TSV's 50% interest in the Allianz Arena in late April 2006 for 11 million Euros, providing the club some immediate financial relief. Following this move, the DFB (Deutscher Fussball Bund or German Football Association) was satisfied with the financial health of the club and duly issued 1860 a licence to play in the 2. Bundesliga in 2006-07.
TSV hired several new managers during its 2. Bundesliga period. The first was Rudi Bommer, followed by Reiner Maurer and Walter Schachner. Also, former German national squad player Stefan Reuter as a general manager. However, neither of the new managers could lead the squad back to the 1. Bundesliga. 1860's current team is due to the financial situation very young and consists of many talents from its own football school. The current coach, Marco Kurz, is a former player from TSV's Bundesliga times and tries to gradually develop a team that can make it back to the 1. Bundesliga.
The second eleven struggeled during the clubs years outside professional football, but rose through the ranks again after the clubs revival in the early 1990s and returned to the Bayernliga in 1996, winning the title in its first season there and promotion to the Regionalliga. The team belonged to the Regionalliga until 2001 and then again from 2004 onwards.
The club is the only one in Bavaria to have won the Bayernliga with its first and second team.
Until recently the club co-owned the facility with Bayern Munich, but sold its 50% share on April 28, 2006 to help resolve a serious financial crisis that saw TSV facing looming bankruptcy.
Originally TSV played in the Stadion an der Grünwalderstraße (commonly known as "Sechzger Stadion"), built in 1911, and which they also shared with Bayern Munich between 1925 and 1972. Both clubs then moved to the new Olympiastadion built for the 1972 Olympic Games. TSV moved back to the old ground several times from 1972 on, with the years between 1982 and 1995 being the longest period. In the 2004 season "TSV" spent one last year at Sechzger as the Allianz was being readied.
|2004-05||2nd Bundesliga (II)||4th|
|1999-2000||Regionalliga Süd (III)||7th|
|2000-01||Regionalliga Süd||16th ↓|
|2001-02||Oberliga Bayern (IV)||2nd|
|2003-04||Oberliga Bayern||1st ↑|
|2004-05||Regionalliga Süd (III)||15th|
|2008-09||Regionalliga Süd (IV)|
For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2008.