The men's 50 yard freestyle was a swimming event held as part of the Swimming at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. It was the first time the short-distance event was held at the Olympics, and the only time the distance of 50 yards was used. Subsequent editions of the programme would use a distance of 50 metres, though the short sprint would not reappear until the 1988 Summer Olympics.
9 swimmers from 2 nations competed.
The top three finishers in each heat advanced to the final. The results of the non-advancing swimmers are unclear, but David Hammond, Edwin Swatek and William Orthwein are named by de Wael as possible competitors.
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