Prior to humane slaughter pistols and electric stunners, pigs, sheep and other animals (including cattle) were simply struck while fully conscious. The belief that this was unnecessarily cruel and painful to the animal being slaughtered was the rhetorical justification for, in many countries, the compulsory adoption of stunning methods, almost all associated with modern technology. The discourse of progress and humanity in morals and technology were thus intimately intertwined. The Humane Slaughter Act of 1933 in Britain, for example, was specifically conceived not only to make stunning compulsory, but moreover to make particularly modern incarnations of stunning, such as the captive bolt pistol and electric tongs, the means by which it was achieved. The wording of the 1933 act specifically outlaws the poleaxe. The period is marked by the development of various innovations in slaughterhouse technologies, not all of them particularly long-lasting.
In modern slaughterhouses a variety of slaughter methods are used on livestock. Methodes include:
In the Netherlands for example, the law states that poultry must be stunned for 4 seconds minimum with an average current of 100 mA, which leads to systematic understunning.
Pre-slaughter stunning less humane than 'shechita,' study shows. 'Anti-kosher meat bill delayed in Dutch legislature due to Israeli research'
Jan 25, 2012; JUDY SIEGEL Jerusalem Post 01-25-2012 Pre-slaughter Stunning less humane than 'shechita,' study shows. 'Anti-kosher meat...
Ensuring insensibility in stunned pigs: head-only stunning of pigs can cause problems; here's an easy fix for facilities experiencing this problem.(PIG STUNNING)
Jun 01, 2010; THE BEST WAY TO SOLVE A PROBLEM is to talk about it. Unfortunately, some of the issues we deal with, particularly related to...