Stowe School is a British independent school in Stowe, Buckinghamshire, referred to as a public school. It was founded on 11 May 1923 by JF Roxburgh, initially with 99 male pupils. It is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. The school is currently becoming co-educational. As of 2006, there are 493 boys in total, and 103 girls.
The school has been based since its beginnings at Stowe House, formerly the country seat of the Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos. Along with many of the other buildings on the school's estate, the main house is now a Grade 1 Listed Building and is maintained by the Stowe House Preservation Trust.
On 4 April 1963 The Beatles performed at Stowe School, for which they were paid £100. They accepted a personal request from schoolboy David Moores, a fellow Liverpudlian. More recently, the school has hosted The Bootleg Beatles.
In 2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's leading private schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by The Times, which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents. Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared.
|Name||Named After||House Number/Letter|
|Bruce||Lady Mary Campbell (Married to Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos;One of her family names was Bruce)||1|
|Temple||Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham; Earl Temple||2|
|Grenville||George Grenville, the husband of Hester Temple, 1st Countess Temple, mother of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, and sister of Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham||3|
|Chandos||Duke of Buckingham and Chandos;Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos||4|
|Cobham||Viscount Cobham;Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham||5|
|Chatham||William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, husband of Hester Grenville, sister of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple||6|
|Grafton||There is no known family connection, the name coming from the local fox hunt, the Grafton Hunt, which takes its name in turn from the Duke of Grafton . Grafton also has a history of supplying the Stowe Beagles with talented Masters and Hunt Staff, many of whom have continued to become Masters of packs around the Country.||7|
|Walpole||This is not a family name. Named after Horace Walpole, who wrote some famous letters about his visits to Stowe in the 18th century. It was his father, Robert Walpole, who was the more notable Walpole in England's and Stowe's history, however. Viscount Cobham's political life started under Walpole but his subsequent opposition to him led Cobham to found a political dynasty that played a major part in politics until Victorian times (producing four Prime Ministers). To be named "Nugent" originally.||8|
|Nugent (Girls)||Lady Mary Nugent, daughter of Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, married to George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham. Was originally the 'waiting house' that some new boys entered until their preferred house had a space.||N|
|Lyttelton (Girls - formerly Boys)||Baron Lyttelton,succeeded to the Viscounty of Cobham since Charles George Lyttelton, 5th Baron Lyttelton, after the death of the Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, and into which title the Barony is now merged. Originally "Stanhope House", which became the Careers, International, and Skills Development departments of the school. Named after Lady Hester Stanhope, niece of William Pitt the Younger, who was the niece of Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple||0|
|Queen's (Girls)||Opened in September 2007 and officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in November 2007 and thus named after the first reigning monarch to visit the school since it was opened in 1923.||A|