(March 14 1271
– December 10 1310
) was duke of Lower Bavaria
from 1290 until 1310 as co-regent of his older brothers Otto III
(† 1312) and Louis III
Stephen was born in Landshut, the son of Henry XIII, Duke of Bavaria and Elizabeth of Hungary. His maternal grandparents were Béla IV of Hungary and Maria Laskarina.
His mother introduced the name Stephen onto the Wittelsbach dynasty with her youngest son. She was a sister of Stephen V of Hungary and may have named this son after him.
To reduce the influence of the Wittelsbach Pope Nicholas IV refused his spiritual career in Salzburg and Stephen became a co-regent of his brothers. During the absence of Otto III in Hungary 1305-1308 Stephen was the only governing duke of Lower Bavaria. Stephen was an enemy of the Habsburgs and died in 1310 during a war against Frederick I of Austria.
Marriage and children
In 1299, Stephen married Jutta of Schweidnitz. She was a daughter of Bolko I, Duke of Jawor and Świdnica and Beatrix of Brandenburg. Her maternal grandparents were Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel and Jutta of Hennenberg. They had eight children:
- Agnes of Wittelsbach (1301 - 7 December, 1316). Joined the Cistercian Monastery at Seligenthal as a nun.
- Beatrix of Wittelsback (1302 - 29 April, 1360). Married Henry III of Gorizia. Regent for their son John Henry IV of Gorizia.
- Friedrich of Wittelsbach (c. 1303). Considered to have died young.
- Judith of Wittelsbach (c. 1304). Considered to have died young.
- Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria (29 September, 1305 - 1 September, 1339).
- Elizabeth of Wittelsbach (1306 - 25 March, 1330). Married Otto, Duke of Austria.
- Otto IV, Duke of Lower Bavaria (3 January, 1307 - 14 December, 1334).
- Ludwig of Wittelsbach (c. 1308). Considered to have died young.