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Stendal

Stendal

Stendal, city (1994 pop. 47,252), Saxony-Anhalt, N central Germany, on the Uchte River. It is a major rail junction and has sugar refineries, metalworks, food canneries, and chemical factories. Stendal was founded in 1151 by Albert the Bear. From 1258 to 1309 it was the seat of the elder line of the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. The city joined the Hanseatic League c.1350. Among the numerous noteworthy structures of Stendal are the basilica (founded 1188), the city gates (13th-15th cent.), and the city hall (15th cent.). Johann Winckelmann, the archaeologist and historian, was born (1717) there, and Marie Henri Beyle (1783-1842), the French author, took his pen name (Stendhal) from the city.
Stendal (ˈʃtɛndaːl) is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is the capital of Stendal District and unofficial capital of the Altmark. Its population in 2001 was 38,900. It is located some 125 km (78 miles) west of Berlin and around 170 km (106 miles) east of Hanover. Stendal has a market and a psychiatric rehabilitation clinic.

Founded by Albrecht the Bear in the 12th century, it quickly became an important member of the Hanseatic League. Magnificent churches, the city hall and the two remaining city gates are still proof of that former wealth.

Previously part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, Stendal became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony after the Napoleonic Wars. From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Stendal was in the German Democratic Republic.

The pseudonym "Stendhal" of the French author Marie-Henri Beyle is generally supposed to be a homage to the German author Johann Joachim Winckelmann, who was born in Stendal in 1717.

Stendal is the seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("collective municipality") Stendal-Uchtetal.

Twin towns

Sites of interest

Theatre of the Altmark

The area has a theatre named Theater der Altmark, Stendal It was founded in 1946 and has always had a particular involvement in youth and children's theatre. Theatrical performances and dance events are staged, as well as concerts, conferences and meetings.

Winckelmann Museum

The Winckelmann Museum is named after Johann Joachim Winckelmann, the founder of classical archaeology. Its holdings include biographical documents, works, designs and diagrams as well as Greek sculptures or casts, along with other small artworks from antiquity. Exhibitions are held relating to archaeology and the history of art from the 18th and 19th centuries; there is also a modern art museum. The museum is the seat of the Winckelmann-Gesellschaft

In addition, the museum has exhibits relating to the history and cultural history of the city of Stendal and of the Altmark dating from the prehistoric period through the area's early history right up to the present. There are exhibits on the Hanseatic League, Romanesque art and local archaeological material.

Fire Brigade Museum

The town also has the Landesfeuerwehrmuseum (Fire Brigade Museum), showing the development of fire fighting and protection from the leather bucket to modern fire engines.

Other

Other buildings include the Gothic cathedral, the Town Hall with the statue of Roland and the two mediaeval town gates. There are also other churches in the area.

Stendal is also part of the Altmark cycle path. Information and maps about this cycle path can be had for free from the tourist information office.

Persons

Honorary citizens

Sons and daughters of Stendal

  • Johann Joachim Winckelmann, the founder of classical archaeology and the history of art. He was born in Stendal in 1717, son of a shoemaker. He is commemorated by the above-named museum.

Literature

The French Writer Marie Henri Beyle, who was stationed here as a soldier during the Napoleonic Wars, used the alias Stendhal from 1817 in homage to Johann Joachim Winckelmann.

External links

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