States are generally based on historical, conventional borders and have developed throughout the centuries; though some boundaries are arbitrary. The federal district is not a state on its right, but shares some characteristics of a state and some of a municipality.
In 1943, with the entrance of Brazil into the Second World War, the Vargas regime detached seven strategic territories from the border of the country in order to administer them directly: Amapá, Rio Branco, Acre, Guaporé, Ponta Porã, Iguaçu and the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha. After the war, the first three territories were retained as states, with Rio Branco and Guaporé being renamed Roraima and Rondônia, respectively. Ponta Porã and Iguaçu resorted to territorial status. In 1988, Fernando de Noronha became part of Pernambuco.
In 1960, the square-shaped Distrito Federal was carved out of Goiás in preparation for the new capital, Brasília. The previous federal district became the state of Guanabara until in 1975 it was merged with the state of Rio de Janeiro, becoming the municipality of Rio de Janeiro.
In 1977, Mato Grosso was split into two states. The northern area retained the name Mato Grosso while the southern area became the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, with Campo Grande as its capital. The new Mato Grosso do Sul incorporated the territory of Ponta Porã and the northern part of Iguaçu. Central Iguaçu went to Paraná, and southern Iguaçu went to Santa Catarina.
|Flag||State||BR||Capital||Area (km²)||Population (2005)||Density (2005)||GDP (% total) (2004)||GDP per capita (US$) (2004)||HDI (2005)||Literacy (2003)||Infant Mortality (2002)||Life Expectancy (2004)|
|Mato Grosso do Sul||MS||Campo Grande||(%)||91%||‰|
|Minas Gerais||MG||Belo Horizonte||(%)||89%||‰|
|Rio de Janeiro||RJ||Rio de Janeiro||(%)||96%||‰|
|Rio Grande do Norte||RN||Natal||(%)||77%||‰|
|Rio Grande do Sul||RS||Porto Alegre||(%)||95%||‰|
|São Paulo||SP||São Paulo||(%)||95%||‰|
US$ 190 MILLION TO EXPAND ACCESS TO SAFE WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION SERVICES IN ONE OF DRIEST STATES OF BRAZIL.
Jan 14, 2010; WASHINGTON -- The following information was released by the World Bank: The World Bank Board of Executive Directors approved...
Four Energy Companies, the Afd, and the Idb Agree to Explore Electricity Interconnection of Northern Arc Countries Ebs, Gea, Edf, Eletrobras Together with the Afd and the Idb Aim to Establish an Electrical Interconnection among Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, and Two Northern States of Brazil Participate and Follow Us on Twitter Using #Idb2013
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