Soyuz-TM spacecraft. Compare the antennae on the orbital module to those on Soyuz-T. Differences reflect the change from the Igla rendezvous system used on Soyuz-T to the Kurs rendezvous system used on Soyuz-TM
|Role:||Used to carry cosmonauts to and from Mir and ISS|
|Height:||57.44 ft||7.48 m|
|Diameter:||13.61 ft||2.72 m|
|Volume:||264.86 ft³||7.5 m³|
Soyuz-TM crew transports (T - транспортный - Transportnyi - meaning transport, M - модифицированный - Modifitsirovannyi - meaning modified) was a fourth generation (1986-2003) Soyuz spacecraft used for ferry flights to the Mir and ISS space stations. It added to the Soyuz-T new docking and rendezvous, radio communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. The new Kurs rendezvous and docking system permitted the Soyuz-TM to maneuver independently of the station, without the station making "mirror image" maneuvers to match unwanted translations introduced by earlier models' aft-mounted attitude control.
NASA finds trip to Russia to examine Soyuz TM worthwhile. (team studies possibility of using Soyuz TM as an Assured Crew Return Vehicle)
Mar 26, 1992; A NASA engineering team's recent trip to the former Soviet Union to evaluate the feasibility of using the Soyuz TM as an Assured...